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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordoo: Rosales

Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Rosoideae
Tribus: Ulmarieae
Genus: Filipendula
Subgenera: F. subg. Filipendula – F. subg. Hypogyna – F. subg. Ulmaria

Species: F. angustiloba – F. camtschatica – F. formosa – F. glaberrima – F. kiraishiensis – F. multijuga – F. occidentalis – F. palmata – F. rubra – F. stepposa – F. tsuguwoi – F. ulmaria – F. vestita – F. vulgaris

Nothospecies: F. × auriculata – F. × purpurea


Name

Filipendula Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: 1 (1754).

Type species: F. vulgaris Moench

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Alipendula Neck., Elem. Bot. 2: 89 (1790).
Thecanisia Raf., Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 6: 265 (1834).
Type species: non design.
Ulmaria Mill., Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4. 28 Jan (1754).
Type species: U. palustris Moench

References
Primary references

Miller, P. 1754. The Gardeners Dictionary. Abridged. Ed. 4, Vol. 1–3 (unpaged). John & James Rivington, London. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.79061 Reference page.

Additional references

'eFloras 2008. Filipendula in Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Lee, S. & al. 2009: A palynotaxonomic study of the genus Filipendula (Rosaceae). Journal of Systematics and Evolution 47(2): 115–122.
Schanzer I.A. 1994: Taxonomic revision of the genus Filipendula Mill. (Rosaceae). Journal of Japanese Botany 69: 290–319.

Links

Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Filipendula. Accessed: 12 Jun 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Filipendula. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 12. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Filipendula in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 12. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2021. Filipendula. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jun 12.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Filipendula. Published online. Accessed: 12 Jun 2021.

Vernacular names
Boarisch: Sunnwendhansl
čeština: tavolník
dansk: Mjødurt
Deutsch: Mädesüß
dolnoserbski: Smalanka
eesti: Angervaks
فارسی: عروس چمن‌زار
suomi: Angervot, mesiangervot
français: Filipendula
hornjoserbsce: Smjetanka
magyar: Legyezőfű
հայերեն: Փրփրուկ
日本語: シモツケソウ属
ქართული: ქაფურა
lietuvių: Vingiorykštė
latviešu: Vīgriezes
македонски: Тажник
Nederlands: Spirea
norsk: Mjødurtslekta
polski: Wiązówka
русский: Таволга
davvisámegiella: Skážirat
slovenčina: túžobník
svenska: Älggrässläktet
中文: 蚊子草属

Filipendula is a genus of 12 species of perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the family Rosaceae, native to the temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere. Well-known species include meadowsweet (Filipendula ulmaria) and dropwort (Filipendula vulgaris), both native to Europe, and queen-of-the-forest (Filipendula occidentalis) and queen-of-the-prairie (Filipendula rubra), native to North America.

The species grow to between 0.5–2 m tall, with large inflorescences of small five-petalled flowers, creamy-white to pink-tinged in most species, dark pink in F. rubra. Filipendula fruit are unusual, sometimes described as an indehiscent follicle, or as an achene.[1]

Filipendula species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species: emperor moth, grey pug, grizzled skipper, Hebrew character, lime-speck pug, mottled beauty and the satellite have all been recorded on meadowsweet.

The species were in the past sometimes treated in a broad view of the genus Spiraea, but genetic research has shown that they are less closely related than previously considered.

The genus name Filipendula derives from the Latin words filum "thread" and pendulus "hanging", referring to the tubers of F. vulgaris, which are attached to one other by thread-like roots.[2]
References

Li, Chaoluan; Ikeda, Hiroshi; Ohba, Hideaki. "Filipendula". Flora of China. 9 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Schanzer, Ivan A. (2014). "Filipendula". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 9. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

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