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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Gisekiaceae
Genus: Gisekia
Species: G. africana – G. diffusa – G. haudica – G. paniculata – G. pharnaceoides – G. polylopha – G. scabridula

Gisekia L. Mant. Pl. 2: 554, 562. (1771)

Type species: Gisekia pharnaceoides L. Mant. Pl. 2: 554, 562. (1771)

Note: Bissinger et al., (2014) found all species to be polyphyletic and suggest they all be subsumed into an expanded polymorphic Gisekia pharnaceoides or a Gisekia pharnaceoides aggregate - see also Hernández-Ledesma et al., (2015).

Koelreutera Murray, Novi Comment. Soc. Regiae Sci. Gott. 3: 67 (1773), nom. illeg.
Miltus Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 302 (1790).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Africa & Asia
Afghanistan, Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Gulf States, Hainan, India, Iran, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe
Introduced into:

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1771. Mantissa Plantarum Altera. Generum Editionis VI et Specierum Editionis II. Holmiae [Stockholm]. pp. [6] + 143­–587, Appendix. BHL Reference page. : 2: 554, 562.

Additional references

Bissinger, K., Khoshravesh, R., Kotrade, J.P., Oakley, J., Sage, T.L., Sage, R.F., Hartmann, H.E. & Kadereit, G. 2014. Gisekia (Gisekiaceae): phylogenetic relationships, biogeography, and ecophysiology of a poorly known C4 lineage in the Caryophyllales. American Journal of Botany 101(3): 499-509. DOI: 10.3732/ajb.1300279 Full text PDF Reference page.
Gilbert, M.G. 1993. A review of Gisekia (Gisekiaceae). Kew Bulletin 48(2): 343–356. Full text PDF from ResearchGate
Hassler, M. 2017. Gisekia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2017. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2017 May 16. Reference page. Segregates Gisekia pierrei Gagnep. from Gisekia africana (Lour.) Kuntze with no references.
Hernández-Ledesma, P., Berendsohn, W. G., Borsch, T., Mering, S. v., Akhani, H., Arias, S., Castañeda-Noa, I., Eggli, U., Eriksson, R., Flores-Olvera, H., Fuentes-Bazán, S., Kadereit, G., Klak, C., Korotkova, N., Nyffeler R., Ocampo G., Ochoterena, H., Oxelman, B., Rabeler, R. K., Sanchez, A., Schlumpberger, B. O. & Uotila, P. 2015. A taxonomic backbone for the global synthesis of species diversity in the angiosperm order Caryophyllales. Willdenowia 45(3): 281–383. DOI: 10.3372/wi.45.45301 Open access Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Gisekia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Sep 10. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Gisekia. Published online. Accessed: Sep 10 2021. 2021. Gisekia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 10 Sep 2021.

Vernacular names
한국어: 기세키아과
Tiếng Việt: Họ Cỏ lết
中文: 吉粟草科

Gisekia is a genus of flowering plants. It is the only genus in the family Gisekiaceae. The family was recognized in the APG II system (2003) and assigned to the order Caryophyllales in the clade core eudicots. This represents a change from the APG system (1998), which did not recognize this family.

The AP-Website accepts this family with one genus.

The genus was named by Carl Linnaeus after Paul Dietrich Giseke (1741-1796), a German botanist who studied under him, and who later published his notes on Linnaeus' lectures under the title Praelectiones in Ordines Naturales Plantarum (1792).

Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x.

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