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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Anthemideae
Subtribus: Glebionidinae
Genera: Argyranthemum – Glebionis – Heteranthemis
Name

Glebionidinae Oberpr. & Vogt (2007)

Type genus: Glebionis Spach

Note: The monotypic Ismelia is reduced here into synonymy with Glebionis c.f. Oberprieler et al., (2007).
References

Oberprieler, C., Himmelreich, S. & Vogt, R. 2007. A new subtribal classification of the tribe Anthemideae (Compositae). Willdenowia 37(1): 89–114. DOI: 10.3372/wi.37.37104 PDF Reference page.

Vernacular names
русский: Златоцветные

Glebionidinae is a small subtribe of flowering plants in the tribe Anthemideae of the family Asteraceae. Its members include species used in the production of garden marguerites.

Description

Members of the subtribe are either subshrubs (Argyranthemum) or annual herbs (the remaining genera). The genus Heteranthemis has glandular hairs; the others either lack hairs or have non-glandular hairs. The flower heads (capitula) are solitary or arranged in loose corymbs. The ray florets are female, the long petal (ligule) usually being white or yellow. The disc florets are bisexual with a five-lobed corolla. The achenes of the ray florets are three-angled and have two or three wings; those of the disc florets are flattened and have one or two wings.[2]
Taxonomy

The subtribe was first proposed in 1993 by Bremer and Humphries, under the name "Chrysantheminae". The name was validly published at the time, but two annual species placed in the tribe, which were then known as Chrysanthemum coronarium and Chrysanthemum segetum, are now placed in Glebionis.[2] (The genus Chrysanthemum is now used for perennial Asian species, such as the conserved type C. indicum.) Hence Chrysantheminae Bremer & Humphries became a later homonym of Chrysantheminae Less. and so illegitimate.[1] In 2007, Oberprieler and Vogt provided a new name, Glebionidinae, based on the genus Glebionis, whose type species is Glebionis coronaria, formerly Chrysanthemum coronarium.[2]
Genera

The subtribe comprises four genera:[2]

The subtribe comprises four genera:[2]

  • Argyranthemum Webb, about 24 species
  • Glebionis Cass., two species
  • Heteranthemis Schott, one species
  • Ismelia Cass., one species

Intergeneric hybrids are known:[3]

  • ×Argyrimelia J.M.H.Shaw = Argyranthemum × Ismelia – artificial hybrids
  • ×Glebianthemum J.M.Watson & A.R.Flores = Argyranthemum × Glebionis – artificial and spontaneous hybrids
    • ×Glebianthemum valinianum J.M.Watson & A.R.Flores = A. frutescens × G. coronaria – discovered in Chile where both parents were naturalized and grew together; also produced artificially
  • Glebionis × Ismelia – artificial hybrids

Species and hybrids

Argyranthem frutescens

Glebionis coronaria var. discolor

Illustration of Ismelia carinata

Garden marguerite 'Vera'

Hybrid garden marguerite

Hybrid garden marguerite

Phylogeny

A 2007 molecular phylogenetic study of the tribe Anthemideae found the subtribe Glebionidinae to be the most deeply nested. One species from each of the genera was included, producing the relationships within the subtribe shown below.[2]

Glebionidinae

Heteranthemis viscidehirta

Argyranthemum foeniculaceum

Glebionis coronaria

Ismelia carinata

The apparently close relationship between Glebionis and Ismelia is reflected in the decision by some sources to sink I. carinata into Glebionis as G. carinata.[4]
Distribution

Genera belonging to the subtribe are native to Macaronesia, Europe, northern Africa and southwestern Asia.[2]
Cultivation

Argyranthemum species, particularly Argyranthemum frutescens, have been in cultivation since at least the early 1700s.[5] Ismelia carinata, sometimes known as the annual chrysanthemum, is also cultivated. Particularly since the 1960s, intergeneric hybrids among the members of the subtribe have been used to introduce flowers of varied colours and forms into garden marguerites, used as bedding and container plants.[3]
References

"Glebionidinae Oberpr. & Vogt", The International Plant Names Index, retrieved 2020-02-24
Oberprieler, Christoph; Himmelreich, Sven & Vogt, Robert (2007), "A new subtribal classification of the tribe Anthemideae (Compositae)", Willdenowia, 37 (1): 89–114, doi:10.3372/wi.37.37104
Flores, Anita; Shaw, Julian & Watson, John (2018), "Unpicking a daisy chain", The Plantsman, New Series, 17 (4): 238–243
"Ismelia carinata (Schousb.) Sch.Bip. AUTH", Plants of the World Online, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2020-02-24
Francisco-Ortega, J; Santos-Guerra, A.; Sánchez-Pinto, L. & Maunder, M. (2012), "Early cultivation of Macaronesian plants in three European botanic gardens", Revista de la Academia Canaria de Ciencias, 23: 113–143, S2CID 127850789

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