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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Himantoglossum
Overview of species (11)

H. adriaticum – H. calcaratum – H. caprinum – H. comperianum – H. formosum – H. galilaeum – H. hircinum – H. jankae – H. metlesicsianum – H. montis-tauri – H. robertianum
Nothospecies: (2)

H. × agiasense – H. × samariense
Name

Himantoglossum Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 675 (1826).

Type species: Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 694 (1826)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Loroglossum Rich., De Orchid. Eur.: 25 (1817)
Comperia K.Koch, Linnaea 22: 287 (1849)
Barlia Parl., Nuov. Gen. Sp. Monocot.: 5 (1858)
× Comptoglossum Karatzas, J. Eur. Orch. 36: 954 (2004)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Europe
Northern Europe
Great Britain.
Middle Europe
Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Switzerland,
Southwestern Europe
Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Eastern Europe
Krym.
Africa
Northern Africa
Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
Macaronesia
Canary Islands.
Asia-Temperate
Caucasus
North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
Western Asia
Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Sprengel, C. 1826. Caroli Linnaei, ... Systema vegetabilium. Ed. 16. Vol. III: Classis 16–23. 936 pp. Sumtibus Librariae Dieterichianae, Gottingae [Göttingen]. BHL Reference page. : 675.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2001. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 2: Orchidoideae (Part one); page 309 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850710-0

Links

Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2022. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Himantoglossum. Accessed: 2022 Jan 1.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Himantoglossum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2022 Jan 1. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Himantoglossum in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2022 Jan 1. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Himantoglossum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2022 Jan 1. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Himantoglossum. Published online. Accessed: 1 Jan 2022.
Tropicos.org 2022. Himantoglossum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2022 Jan 1.

Vernacular names

azərbaycanca: Qayışləçək
Deutsch: Riemenzungen
فارسی: زبان‌دراز (سرده)
suomi: Liskokämmekät
עברית: רצועית
hornjoserbsce: Byklinka
magyar: Sallangvirág
italiano: Barbone
перем коми: Химантоглоссум
коми: Химантоглоссум
кырык мары: Химантоглоссум
русский: Ремнелепестник
Türkçe: Keşkeşçiçeği
удмурт: Химантоглосс
українська: Химантоглоссум

Himantoglossum is a genus of orchids native to the Canary Islands, Europe, southwest Asia and northern Africa.[1] Its members generally have a labellum which is divided into three parts, of which the middle part is the longest.

The genera Comperia and Barlia are now included in Himantoglossum.[1]
Species

As of April 2014, the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families recognizes the following species:[2]

Himantoglossum adriaticum H.Baumann - Italy, Austria, Czech Republic
Himantoglossum calcaratum (Beck) Schltr. - Greece, Bulgaria, European Turkey, former Yugoslavia
Himantoglossum caprinum (M.Bieb.) Spreng.
Himantoglossum caprinum subsp. caprinum - Crimea, Iran, Iraq, Turkey, Palestine, Israel
Himantoglossum comperianum (Steven) P.Delforge (syn. Comperia comperianum) - Crimea, Greek Islands, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Israel
Himantoglossum formosum (Steven) K.Koch - Caucasus, Iran
Himantoglossum galilaeum Shifman - Israel
Himantoglossum hircinum (L.) Spreng. - Britain, Belgium, the Netherlands, France, Germany, Spain, Portugal and Morocco
Himantoglossum jankae Somlyay, Kreutz & Óvári -Balkans, Greek islands, Turkey, Hungary, Slovakia
Himantoglossum jankae subsp. rumelicum (H.Baumann & R.Lorenz) J.Ponert - Czech Republic, former Yugoslavia, Greece and Turkey
Himantoglossum metlesicsianum (W.P.Teschner) P.Delforge - Canary Islands
Himantoglossum montis-tauri Kreutz & W.Lüders - Turkey, Greek Islands?
Himantoglossum robertianum (Loisel.) P.Delforge (syn. Barlia robertianum) - Mediterranean from Portugal and Morocco east to Turkey
Himantoglossum × samariense C.Alibertis & A.Alibertis - Crete

References

"Himantoglossum", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2014-04-30
"Search for Himantoglossum", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2014-04-30

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