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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Malpighiaceae
Genus: Malpighia
Species: M. acunana – M. acutifolia – M. adamsii – M. albiflora – M. apiculata – M. aquifolia – M. arborescens – M. articulata – M. aurea – M. bahamensis – M. baracoensis – M. bissei – M. cajalbanensis – M. caribaea – M. cauliflora – M. cnide – M. coccigera – M. cornistipulata – M. cristalensis – M. cubensis – M. cuneiformis – M. davilae – M. dentata – M. diversifolia – M. dura – M. emarginata – M. emiliae – M. epedunculata – M. erinacea – M. fucata – M. galeottiana – M. glabra – M. granitica – M. habanensis – M. harrisii – M. higueyensis – M. hintonii – M. hispaniolica – M. hondurensis – M. horrida – M. humilis – M. incana – M. infestissima – M. jaguensis – M. latifolia – M. leticiana – M. linearifolia – M. linearis – M. longifolia – M. lundellii – M. macracantha – M. macrocarpa – M. manacensis – M. martiana – M. martinicensis – M. maxima – M. megacantha – M. mexicana – M. meyeriana – M. micropetala – M. moncionensis – M. montecristensis – M. mucronata – M. multiflora – M. mutabilis – M. nayaritensis – M. neglecta – M. novogaliciana – M. nummulariifolia – M. obtusifolia – M. ophiticola – M. ovata – M. oxycocca – M. pallidior – M. pasorealensis – M. polytricha – M. proctorii – M. pusillifolia – M. racemiflora – M. racemosa – M. revoluta – M. reyensis – M. roigiana – M. romeroana – M. rzedowskii – M. serpentinicola – M. sessilifolia – M. setosa – M. souzae – M. spathulifolia – M. squarrosa – M. stevensii – M. suberosa – M. subpilosa – M. tomentosa – M. torulosa – M. tunensis – M. urens – M. variifolia – M. velutina – M. verruculosa – M. vertientensis – M. watsonii – M. wendtii – M. wilburiorum – M. woodburyana – M. wrightiana – M. yucatanaea
Name

Malpighia L.. Sp. Pl. 1: 425. (1753)

Type species: Malpighia glabra L., Sp. Pl. 1: 425. (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Rudolphia Medik.

References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 425.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Malpighia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sept. 4. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Malpighia. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 4 2020.
Malpighia – Taxon details on National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI).
Tropicos.org 2020. Malpighia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sept. 4.
Tropicos.org: Vascular Plants of the Americas: Malpighia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Sept. 3.

Vernacular names
suomi: Akerolat

Malpighia is a genus of flowering plants in the nance family, Malpighiaceae. It contains about 45 species of shrubs or small trees, all of which are native to the American tropics.[2] The generic name honours Marcello Malpighi, a 17th-century Italian physician and botanist.[3] The species grow to 1–6 m (3.3–19.7 ft) tall, with a dense, often thorny crown. The leaves are evergreen, simple, 0.5–15 cm (0.20–5.91 in) long, with an entire or serrated margin. The flowers are solitary or in umbels of two to several together, each flower 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) diameter, with five white, pink, red, or purple petals. The fruit is a red, orange, or purple drupe, containing two or three hard seeds. M. emarginata is cultivated for its sweet and juicy fruits, which are very rich in vitamin C.[4]
Selected species

Malpighia aquifolia L.
Malpighia cauliflora Proctor & Vivaldi (Jamaica)
Malpighia coccigera L. – Singapore holly (Caribbean)[5]
Malpighia cubensis Kunth – palo bronco de hoja pequeña (Cuba)[6]
Malpighia emarginata DC. – Barbados cherry, acerola (southern Texas and Florida, Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, northern South America.)
Malpighia fucata Ker Gawl. (Puerto Rico)
Malpighia glabra
Malpighia harrisii Small (Jamaica)
Malpighia mexicana A.Juss.
Malpighia obtusifolia Proctor (Jamaica)
Malpighia polytricha A.Juss.
Malpighia proctorii Vivaldi (Jamaica)
Malpighia setosa Spreng. – bristly stingingbush (The Bahamas, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico)
Malpighia suberosa Small
Malpighia urens L. – cowhage (Caribbean)[6][7][8]

Formerly placed here

Bunchosia argentea (Jacq.) DC. (as M. argentea Jacq.)
Bunchosia armeniaca (Cav.) DC. (as M. armeniaca Cav.
Bunchosia glandulifera (Jacq.) Kunth (as M. glandulifera Jacq.)
Bunchosia glandulosa (Cav.) DC. (as M. glandulosa Cav.)
Byrsonima altissima (Aubl.) DC. (as M. altissima Aubl.)
Byrsonima crassifolia (L.) Kunth (as M. crassifolia L.)
Byrsonima densa (Poir.) DC. (as M. densa Poir.)
Byrsonima spicata (Cav.) DC. (as M. spicata Cav.)
Heteropterys multiflora (DC.) Hochr. (as M. reticulata Poir.)[8]

References

"Malpighia L." TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
Janick, J.; R. E. Paull (2008). The Encyclopedia of Fruit & Nuts. CABI. p. 462. ISBN 978-0-85199-638-7.
Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. 3. p. 1601. ISBN 978-0-8493-2673-8.
Johnson, P. D. (2003). "Acerola (Malpighia glabra L., M. punicifolia M. emarginata DC.) Agriculture, Production, and Nutrition". In A. P. Simopoulos; C. Gopalan (eds.). Plants in Human Health and Nutrition Policy. 91. Karger Publishers. pp. 63–74. ISBN 978-3-8055-7554-6.
"Malpighia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
Grandtner, M. M. (2005). Elsevier's Dictionary of Trees: With Names in Latin, English, French, Spanish and Other Languages. 1. Elsevier. pp. 507–509. ISBN 978-0-444-51784-5.
"Subordinate Taxa for Malpighia L." TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2009-10-17.
"Species Records of Malpighia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2010-06-30.

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