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Oemleria cerasiformis

Oemleria cerasiformis (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Rosales
Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Spiraeoideae
Tribus: Exochordeae
Genus: Oemleria
Species: Oemleria cerasiformis

Name

Oemleria cerasiformis (Hook. & Arn.) J.W.Landon

References

* Taxon; Official News Bulletin of the International Society for Plant Taxonomy. Utrecht 24:200. 1975
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 28-Oct-07]. 420072

Oemleria cerasiformis, also known as the Osoberry and Indian Plum, is the sole species in genus Oemleria. It is a shrub native to the Pacific coast and ranges of North America, from British Columbia, Canada to Santa Barbara County, California, U.S.A.[2] It is among the first plants to leaf out and flowers early in the spring. It reaches a height of 1.5–5 m and has lance-shaped leaves 5–12 cm long. Native Americans eat them, make tea of the bark, and chew its twigs to use as a mild anesthetic and aphrodisiac.[3]

character description[4]
Leaf Alternate, simple, deciduous; generally elliptical or oblong, 2 to 5 inches long, light green and smooth above and paler below; margins are entire to wavy; fresh foliage tastes like cucumber. Among the first plant to leaf-out in the spring.
Flower Dioecious; whitish-green, inconspicuous, appearing in April to May.
Fruit Ovoid drupes up to 1/2 inch long, orange or yellow when young but blue-black when mature; borne on a red stem.
Twig Slender, green turning to reddish brown, pith chambered, conspicuous orange lenticles.
Bark Smooth, reddish brown to dark gray.
Form An erect, loosely branched shrub reaching 15 feet.

Synonyms

* Osmaronia (Greene)
* Nuttallia (Torr. & A.Gray)

References

1. ^ Potter, D.; Eriksson, T.; Evans, R.C.; Oh, S.H.; Smedmark, J.E.E.; Morgan, D.R.; Kerr, M.; Robertson, K.R.; Arsenault, M.P.; Dickinson, T.A.; Campbell, C.S. (2007). Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266(1–2): 5–43.
2. ^ ""USDA PLANTS Profile: Oemleria cerasiformis". http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OECE.
3. ^ Pojar, Jim; Andy MacKinnon (2004). Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Lone Pine Publishing. pp. 72. ISBN 978-1551055305.
4. ^ ""Oemleria cerasiformis Fact Sheet". http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=220.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License