- Art Gallery -

Oemleria cerasiformis

Oemleria cerasiformis (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Rosales
Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Spiraeoideae
Tribus: Exochordeae
Genus: Oemleria
Species: Oemleria cerasiformis


Oemleria cerasiformis (Hook. & Arn.) J.W.Landon


* Taxon; Official News Bulletin of the International Society for Plant Taxonomy. Utrecht 24:200. 1975
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 28-Oct-07]. 420072

Oemleria cerasiformis, also known as the Osoberry and Indian Plum, is the sole species in genus Oemleria. It is a shrub native to the Pacific coast and ranges of North America, from British Columbia, Canada to Santa Barbara County, California, U.S.A.[2] It is among the first plants to leaf out and flowers early in the spring. It reaches a height of 1.5–5 m and has lance-shaped leaves 5–12 cm long. Native Americans eat them, make tea of the bark, and chew its twigs to use as a mild anesthetic and aphrodisiac.[3]

character description[4]
Leaf Alternate, simple, deciduous; generally elliptical or oblong, 2 to 5 inches long, light green and smooth above and paler below; margins are entire to wavy; fresh foliage tastes like cucumber. Among the first plant to leaf-out in the spring.
Flower Dioecious; whitish-green, inconspicuous, appearing in April to May.
Fruit Ovoid drupes up to 1/2 inch long, orange or yellow when young but blue-black when mature; borne on a red stem.
Twig Slender, green turning to reddish brown, pith chambered, conspicuous orange lenticles.
Bark Smooth, reddish brown to dark gray.
Form An erect, loosely branched shrub reaching 15 feet.


* Osmaronia (Greene)
* Nuttallia (Torr. & A.Gray)


1. ^ Potter, D.; Eriksson, T.; Evans, R.C.; Oh, S.H.; Smedmark, J.E.E.; Morgan, D.R.; Kerr, M.; Robertson, K.R.; Arsenault, M.P.; Dickinson, T.A.; Campbell, C.S. (2007). Phylogeny and classification of Rosaceae. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 266(1–2): 5–43.
2. ^ ""USDA PLANTS Profile: Oemleria cerasiformis". http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=OECE.
3. ^ Pojar, Jim; Andy MacKinnon (2004). Plants of the Pacific Northwest. Lone Pine Publishing. pp. 72. ISBN 978-1551055305.
4. ^ ""Oemleria cerasiformis Fact Sheet". http://www.cnr.vt.edu/DENDRO/dendrology/syllabus/factsheet.cfm?ID=220.

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License