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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Melanthiaceae
Tribus: Parideae
Genera: ParisPseudotrilliumTrillium


Parideae Bartl., Ord. Nat. Pl.: 53 (1830).

Paridineae J.Presl, Nowočeská Bibl. (Wšobecný Rostl.) 7: 1556, 1569 (1846).
Paridoideae Burnett, Outl. Bot. 437 (1835).
Trillieae Fr., Fl. Scan. 174 (1835).
Trillioideae A.Gray, Manual 485 (1848).

Primary references

Bartling, F.G. 1830. Ordines Naturales Plantarum eorumque characteres et affinitates adjecta generum enumeratione. [I]–V, [1]–498 pp. Gottingae. Biblioteca Digital. Reference page.

Additional references

Kim, S.C., Kim, J.S., Chase, M.W., Fay, M.F. & Kim, J.H. 2016. Molecular phylogenetic relationships of Melanthiaceae (Liliales) based on plastid DNA sequences. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181(4): 567-584. DOI: 10.1111/boj.12405 Open access Reference page.
Yunheng, J.I., Fritsch, P.W., Li, Heng, Xiao, Tiaojiang & Zhou, Zhekun 2006. Phylogeny and Classification of Paris (Melanthiaceae) Inferred from DNA Sequence Data. Annals of Botany 98(1): 245–256.
Zomlefer, W.B., Williams, N.H.. Whitten, W.M. & Judd, W.S. 2001. Generic circumscription and relationships in the tribe Melanthieae (Liliales, Melanthiaceae), with emphasis on Zigadenus: evidence from ITS and trnL-F sequence data. American Journal of Botany 88(9): 1657–1669.


Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Vernacular names
中文: 重楼族

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