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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Inuleae
Subtribus: Inulinae
Genus: Pentanema
Species: P. alanyense – P. aschersonianum – P. asperum – P. auriculatum – P. bifrons – P. britannicum – P. caspicum – P. confertiflorum – P. divaricatum – P. ensifolium – P. flexuosum – P. germanicum – P. gracile – P. helenioides – P. helveticum – P. hirtum – P. inuloides – P. kurdistanicum – P. langeanum – P. maletii – P. mariae – P. montanum – P. nematolepis – P. oculus-christi – P. orientale – P. persicum – P. prasinurum – P. pulicariiforme – P. pygmaeum – P. sabuletorum – P. salicinum – P. spiraeifolium – P. squarrosum – P. verbascifolium

Nothospecies: P. × adriaticum – P. × haussmannii – P. × hispidum – P. × hybridum – P. × litorale – P. × medium – P. × mucheri – P. × savii – P. × semiamplexicaule – P. × strictum – P. × suaveolens – P. × transsilvanicum – P. × vrabelyianum
Name

Pentanema Cass., Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1818: 74. (1818) emend. Gutiérrez-Larruscain et al. (2018)

Type species: Pentanema divaricatum Cass. (1818)

Synonyms

Homotypic
Inula sect. Pentanema (Cass.) Boiss., Fl. Orient. 3: 199. (1875)
Heterotypic
Amblyocarpum Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
Varthemia DC. pro parte see also Chiliadenus (1825)

References
Primary references

Cass. 1818. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societe Philomatique 1818: 74.

Additional references

Boiko, G.V., Korniyenko, O.M. & Mosyakin, S.M. 2018. New nomenclatural combinations for taxa of Pentanema (Asteraceae) occurring in Ukraine. Ukrayins'kyi Botanicnyi Zhurnal 75(5): 436-440. DOI: 10.15407/ukrbotj75.05.436 Open access Reference page.
Gutiérrez-Larruscain, D., Santos-Vicente, M., Anderberg, A.A., Rico, E. & Martínez Ortega, M.M. 2018. Phylogeny of the Inula group (Asteraceae: Inuleae): Evidence from nuclear and plastid genomes and a recircumscription of Pentanema. Taxon 67(1): 149–164. DOI: 10.12705/671.9 Open access Reference page.
Gutiérrez-Larruscain, D., Martínez Ortega, M.M., Rico, E. & Andrés-Sánchez, S. 2019. Typification of 25 names in Inula (Inuleae, Asteraceae), and a new combination in Pentanema. Phytotaxa 395(1): 17-26. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.395.1.2 Paywall Reference page.
Seregin, A.P. 2020. Nomenclatural adjustments for hybrids of the former Inula L. within Pentanema Cass. (Asteraceae). Turkish Journal of Botany 44(3): 1-4. DOI: 10.3906/bot-2002-7Open access Reference page.

Links

International Plant Names Index. 2018. Pentanema. Published online. Accessed: Feb. 17 2018.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Pentanema in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Dec. 1. Reference page.
Tropicos.org 2020. Pentanema. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Dec. 1.
Hassler, M. 2020. Pentanema. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Dec. 1. Reference page.

Pentanema is a genus of Asian and African plants in the elecampane tribe within the sunflower family.[3][4][5][6]

Species[1]

Pentanema albertoregelium (C.Winkl.) Gorschk. - Kazakhstan,

Kyrgyzstan

, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan
Pentanema cernuum (Dalzell) Ling - Yunnan, Nepal, Bhutan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan
Pentanema chodzhakasiani Kinzik. - Tajikistan
Pentanema discoideum Nabiev - Uzbekistan
Pentanema divaricatum Cass. - Africa, Greece, southwest and central Asia
Pentanema flexuosum (Boiss. & Hausskn.) Rech.f. - Iran
Pentanema glanduligerum (Krasch.) Gorschk. - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan
Pentanema gracile (Gilli) Rech.f. - Afghanistan
Pentanema indicum (L.) - Africa, China, Vietnam, Indian Subcontinent
Pentanema krascheninnikovii (Kamelin) Czerep. - Central Asia
Pentanema ligneum Mesfin
Pentanema multicaule Boiss. - Iran
Pentanema nematolepis Rech.f. - Afghanistan
Pentanema parietarioides (Nevski) Gorschk. - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Pentanema prasinurum Rech.f. - Afghanistan
Pentanema propinquum Nevski - Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Pentanema pulicariiforme (DC.) Rech.f. - Iran
Pentanema pygmaeum (Gilli) Rech.f. - Afghanistan
Pentanema varzobicum Kamelin & Kinzik. - Tajikistan
Pentanema vestitum (Wall. ex DC.) Ling - Afghanistan, Tibet, Nepal, Sikkim, Jammu-Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Bihar, Pakistan

References

Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist Archived 2014-11-06 at archive.today
Flann, C., Greuter, W. & Hind, D.J.N. 2010. Cassini's Compositae genera: A nomenclatural and taxonomic assessment. Taxon 59(4): 1206-1244
Cassini, Alexandre Henri Gabriel de. 1818. Bulletin des Sciences, par la Societe Philomatique 1818: 74-75 in French
Tropicos, Pentanema Cass.
Flora of China Vol. 20-21 Page 828 苇谷草属 wei gu cao shu Pentanema Cassini
Flora of Zimbabwe, Pentanema indicum (L.) Ling

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