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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Ericoideae
Tribus: Phyllodoceae
Genus: Phyllodoce
Species: P. aleutica – P. breweri – P. caerulea – P. deflexa – P. empetriformis – P. glanduliflora – P. nipponica

Nothospecies: P. × alpina – P. × intermedia
Name

Phyllodoce Salisb. (1806)

Type species: P. taxifolia Salisb., nom. illeg.

Synonyms

Phyllodoce Link = Acacia Mill.

References

Salisbury, R.A. 1805(–1808). The Paradisus Londinensis: or coloured figures of plants cultivated in the vicinity of the metropolis. Vol. 1–2. BHL Reference page. : ad t. 36.

Links

Hassler, M. 2020. Phyllodoce (Ericaceae). World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 07. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Phyllodoce (Ericaceae) in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 07. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Phyllodoce (Ericaceae). Published online. Accessed: May 07 2020.
Tropicos.org 2020. Phyllodoce (Ericaceae). Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 May 07.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Moosheide
English: Mountainheaths, Mountain Heathers
suomi: Kurjenkanervat
日本語: ツガザクラ属
svenska: Lappljungssläktet

Phyllodoce /ˌfɪləˈdoʊsiː/ is a small genus of plants in the heather family, Ericaceae. They are known commonly as mountainheaths,[1] mountain heaths, or mountain heathers.[2] They are native to North America and Eurasia,[3] where they have a circumboreal distribution.[4]

Plants of this genus are subshrubs that occur in arctic-alpine regions.[5] They often grow from rhizomes, the stem bases formed by clumps of old leaf stalks. They have erect or spreading stems, the new shoots covered in glandular hairs, the old ones bare, tough, and shreddy. The leaves are alternately arranged. They have narrow, leathery blades that roll under tightly at the edges. The inflorescence is a solitary flower or an array of up to 30. The flower has a cup- or bell-shaped corolla of five petals that are fused together for at least half their lengths. There are usually ten stamens, which sometimes protrude from the corolla. The fruit is a capsule containing over 100 tiny seeds.[3][4]

There are four to seven[4] or eight species[3] in genus Phyllodoce. Even after detailed phylogenetic analyses the relationships between plants in this genus are still unclear.[6]

Species include:[2]

Phyllodoce aleutica – Aleutian mountain heath
Phyllodoce breweri – purple mountain heath, red mountain heather, Brewer's mountain heath
Phyllodoce caerulea – blue mountain heath, purple mountain heather
Phyllodoce empetriformis – pink mountain heath, red mountain heath
Phyllodoce glanduliflora – yellow mountain heath

Hybrids between species also occur.[3]

The name Phyllodoce belongs to one of the sea nymphs of Greek mythology.[3]
References
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Phyllodoce.

Phyllodoce. USDA PLANTS. United States Department of Agriculture.
Phyllodoce. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Phyllodoce. Flora of North America, Volume 8.
Phyllodoce. The Jepson eFlora. Jepson Herbarium, UC Berkeley.
Rochefort, R. M., & Peterson, D. L. (2001). Genetic and morphologic variation in Phyllodoce empetriformis and Phyllodoce glanduliflora (Ericaceae) in Mount Rainier National Park, Washington. Canadian Journal of Botany, 79(2), 179-191.
Ikeda, H., Yakubov, V., Barkalov, V., & Setoguchi, H. (2014). Molecular evidence for ancient relicts of arctic‐alpine plants in East Asia. New Phytologist, 203(3), 980-988.

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