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Primula sieboldii

Primula sieboldii

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Primulaceae
Subfamilia: Primuloideae
Genus: Primula
Subgenus: P. subg. Auganthus
Sectio: P. sect. Cortusoides
Species: Primula sieboldii
Name

Primula sieboldii É.Morren, Belgique Hort. 23: 97. 1873.
Synonyms

Homotypic
Auganthus sieboldii (É.Morren) Soják, Čas. Nár. Muz. Praze, Rada Přír. 148(3-4): 208. 1980.
Primula cortusoides var. sieboldii (É.Morren) W.A.Nicholson, Dic. Gard. 3: 219. 1886.
Heterotypic
Primula cortusoides Thunb., nom. illeg., non L. (1753)
Primula cortusoides f. lactiflora Nakai, Fl. Kor. 2: 78 (1911, pro var. patens.
Primula cortusoides var. incisa Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 3: 119. 1867.
Primula cortusoides var. patens (Turcz.) Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 22: 291. 1849; Fl. Baic.-Dah. 2(2): 225. 1856.
Primula gracilis Stein, Ind. Sem. Hort. Vratisl. 1881; Gartenflora 35: 240. 1886; in Kolb, Eur. Alpenpfl. 343. 1890.
Primula patens Turcz., Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 11: 99. 1838.
Primula patens var. genuina Skvortsov, in ?
Primula patens var. manshurica Skvortsov, in ?
Primula sieboldii f. albiflora H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 10: 771. 1934.
Primula sieboldii f. albiflora Y.N.Lee, Fl. Korea 1159. 1996, nom. inval.
Primula sieboldii f. hortensis Takeda, 1913, in ?
Primula sieboldii f. lactiflora (Nakai) H.Hara, J. Jap. Bot. 20: 328. 1944.
Primula sieboldii f. incisa (Miq.) Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 1(6): 21. 1917.
Primula sieboldii f. patens (Turcz.) Kitag., Neolin. Fl. Manshur. 353. 1939.
Primula sieboldii f. spontanea Takeda, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 84. 1913.
Primula sieboldii var. patens (Turcz.) Kitag., Neolin. Fl. Manshur. 507. 1979.

Homonyms

Primula patens Kuntze (1891)

References

Morren, C.J.É. 1873. La Belgique Horticole; Annales de Botanique et d'Horticulture 23: 97, t. 6.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Primula sieboldii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Primula sieboldii. Published online. Accessed: Jun 17 2019.

Primula sieboldii, the Japanese primrose, is a species of primrose that is endemic to East Asia. The species goes by common names such as Siebold's primrose, cherry blossom primrose, Japanese woodland primrose[2] Snowflake, Geisha girl, Madam butterfly[3] and the Japanese primrose which also applies to the related species Primula japonica.

It is a recipient of the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. [4]

Origin

The species was first described by Charles Jacques Édouard Morren and was named after Philipp Franz von Siebold, a German physician.[1]
Description

The plant is perennial with fibrous roots. Its leaves are arranged into a rosette while its petiole is hairy and is 3.5–12 centimetres (1.4–4.7 in) long. It has an ovate blade that is also hairy, but is cordate at the base and is both crenate and round at the apex. The species have 10–25 centimetres (3.9–9.8 in) tall scapes and have an inflorescence which has an umbel of 5-15 flowers. The sepal is bell-shaped and is 0.7 centimetres (0.28 in) long with spreading lobes that are lanccolated.[1]
Distribution

Primula sieboldii is an ornamental plant which grows in wet areas and forests in China, Japan, Korea, and Russia.[1]
References

Christophe Wiart (2012). Medicinal Plants of China, Korea, and Japan: Bioresources for Tomorrow's Drugs and Cosmetics. CRC Press. p. 306. ISBN 978-1-4398-9911-3.
Jodie Mitchell; Lynne Lawson (2016). The Plant Lover's Guide to Primulas. p. 134. ISBN 9781604696455.
John Richards (2002) [1993]. Primula. Pavilion Books Company Ltd. p. 232. ISBN 978-1-8499-4241-6.
"Primula sieboldii". www.rhs.org. Royal Horticultural Society. Retrieved 17 February 2021.

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