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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Malpighiales

Familia: Rhizophoraceae
Tribus: Gynotrocheae – Macarisieae – Rhizophoreae

Incertae sedis: Paradrypetes

Genera: AnopyxisBlepharistemmaBruguieraCaralliaCassipoureaCeriopsComiphytonCrossostylisGynotrochesKandeliaMacarisiaParadrypetesPellacalyxRhizophoraRicheaSterigmapetalumWeihea

Name

Rhizophoraceae Pers. Syn. Pl. 2(1): 2. (1806) nom. cons.

Type genus: Rhizophora L. Sp. Pl. 1: 443. (1753)

References

Persoon, C.H. 1806. Synopsis Plantarum, 2(1): 2.
Schwarzbach, A.E. & Ricklefs, R.E. 2000. Systematic affinities of Rhizophoraceae and Anisophylleaceae, and intergeneric relationships within Rhizophoraceae, based on chloroplast DNA, nuclear Ribosomal DNA, and morphology. American Journal of Botany 87(4): 547–564. DOI: 10.2307/2656599 Open access Reference page.

Links

Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: A Mangrove Family
suomi: Mangrovepuukasvit
中文: 红树科
The Rhizophoraceae are a family of tropical or subtropical flowering plants. Among the better-known members are mangrove trees of the genus Rhizophora. Around 147 species are distributed in 15 genera,[1] most native to the Old World.[2] Some species produce wood, used for underwater construction or piling, and tannins for leather making.

Description

These are woody plants with opposite or whorled leaves (but not decussate), with insect-pollinated flowers having a nectary disc and typically five petals. This family is now placed in the order Malpighiales, though under the Cronquist system, they formed an order in themselves (Rhizophorales).

These species are often hermaphrodites, more rarely polygamomonoecious. Mangrove species are usually viviparous while those living on land are not.
Genera

Family Rhizophoraceae consists of these genera:[3]

Anopyxis
Anstrutheria
Baraultia
Blepharistemma
Bruguiera
Bruguieria
Carallia
Cassipourea
Ceriops
Comiphyton
Crossostylis
Gynotroches
Haplopetalon
Kandelia
Kanilia
Karekandelia
Legnotis
Macarisia
Paradrypetes
Pellacalyx
Plaesiantha
Rhizophora
Richaeia
Sagittipetalum
Sterigmapetalum
Tomostylis
Weihea

Uses

Apart from the ecosystem services provided by mangroves and the many native uses in food and medicine, several species are valuable sources of timber. This is particularly true of the mangrove species, whose wood, hard and dense but not very durable, is used mainly for underwater pilings, charcoal production and wood-fuel. Mangrove bark is also widely used in the preparation of leather in the tanning industry.[4]
References

Christenhusz, M. J. M. & Byng, J. W. (2016). "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase". Phytotaxa. Magnolia Press. 261 (3): 201–217. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.261.3.1.
Stephens, P.F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 9, June 2008. http://www.mobot.org/MOBOT/Research/APweb/
"Rhizophoraceae — The Plant List". Theplantlist.org. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
Flowering Plants of the World by consultant editor Vernon H. Heywood, 1978, Oxford University Press, Walton Street, Oxford OX2 6DP, England, ISBN 019217674-9

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Biology Encyclopedia

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