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Salvia verticillata

Salvia verticillata (Photo: *)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Sclarea
Sectio: S. sect. Hemisphace
Species: Salvia verticillata
Subspecies: S. v. subsp. amasiaca – S. v. subsp. verticillata
Name

Salvia verticillata L., Sp. Pl. 1: 26 (1753).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Horminum verticillatum (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 3 (1768).
Covola verticillata (L.) Medik., Philos. Bot. 2: 67 (1791).
Hemisphace verticillata (L.) Opiz, Seznam: 50 (1852).
Sphacopsis verticillata (L.) Briq., Lab. Alp. Mar.: 184 (1891).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Northern Europe
Denmark, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden
Regional: Middle Europe
Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
Regional: Southwestern Europe
France, Spain.
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Regional: Eastern Europe
Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Siberia
Altay, Krasnoyarsk.
Regional: Russian Far East
Primorye.
Regional: Middle Asia
Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan.
Regional: Caucasus
Transcaucasus.
Regional: Western Asia
Iran, Iraq, Turkey.
Continental: Northern America
Regional: Eastern Canada
Ontario.
Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
Illinois.
Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont.
Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
Delaware, Virginia.

Note: grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 26. Reference page.

Additional references

Hedge, I.C. 1982. Salvia. Pp. 400–461 in Davis, P.H. (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 7 (Orobanchaceae to Rubiaceae). Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 947 pp., ISBN 0-85224-396-0. Reference page.
Sáez, L. 2010. Salvia. Pp. 298–326 in Castroviejo, S.†, Morales, R., Quintanar, A., Cabezas, F., Pujadas, A. & Cirujano, S. (eds.), Flora Ibérica. Plantas Vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Vol. XII. Verbenaceae − Labiatae − Callitrichaceae. liv + 650 pp., Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid. ISBN 978-84-00-09041-8. PDF. Reference page.
Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. 2011. Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. Norrlinia 24: 1–166. DJVU Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Salvia verticillata in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 June 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Salvia verticillata. Published online. Accessed: June 15 2019.

Vernacular names
čeština: šalvěj přeslenitá
Cymraeg: Clari troellennog
Deutsch: Quirlblütiger Salbei
English: whorled clary
eesti: Männassalvei
فارسی: مریم‌گلی بنفش
suomi: Kiehkurasalvia
français: Sauge verticillée
hrvatski: Pršljenasta kadulja
hornjoserbsce: Mutličkata želbija
ქართული: დაჯირა
Nederlands: Kranssalie
polski: szałwia okręgowa
русский: Шалфей мутовчатый
slovenčina: šalvia praslenatá
svenska: Kranssalvia
Türkçe: Helezonik ada çayı
українська: Шавлія кільчаста

Salvia verticillata, the lilac sage[1] or whorled clary, is a herbaceous perennial native to a wide area ranging from central Europe to western Asia, and naturalized in northern Europe and North America. It was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753.[2]

Salvia verticillata has a leafy base of mid-green leaves covered with hairs, putting up leaf-covered stems that carry 3 feet (0.91 m) inflorescences. The tiny lavender flowers grow tightly packed in whorls, with tiny lime-green and purple calyces. The specific epithet verticillata refers to the whorls that grow in verticils. A cultivar introduced in the 1990s, 'Purple Rain', is much more showy and long-blooming, growing about 2 feet (0.61 m) tall.[2]
References

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Salvia verticillata". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. p. 298. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9.

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