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Salvia verticillata

Salvia verticillata (Photo: *)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Sclarea
Sectio: S. sect. Hemisphace
Species: Salvia verticillata
Subspecies: S. v. subsp. amasiaca – S. v. subsp. verticillata

Salvia verticillata L., Sp. Pl. 1: 26 (1753).

Horminum verticillatum (L.) Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 3 (1768).
Covola verticillata (L.) Medik., Philos. Bot. 2: 67 (1791).
Hemisphace verticillata (L.) Opiz, Seznam: 50 (1852).
Sphacopsis verticillata (L.) Briq., Lab. Alp. Mar.: 184 (1891).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Northern Europe
Denmark, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden
Regional: Middle Europe
Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
Regional: Southwestern Europe
France, Spain.
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
Regional: Eastern Europe
Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, North European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Siberia
Altay, Krasnoyarsk.
Regional: Russian Far East
Regional: Middle Asia
Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan.
Regional: Caucasus
Regional: Western Asia
Iran, Iraq, Turkey.
Continental: Northern America
Regional: Eastern Canada
Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Vermont.
Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
Delaware, Virginia.

Note: grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 26. Reference page.

Additional references

Hedge, I.C. 1982. Salvia. Pp. 400–461 in Davis, P.H. (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 7 (Orobanchaceae to Rubiaceae). Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh, 947 pp., ISBN 0-85224-396-0. Reference page.
Sáez, L. 2010. Salvia. Pp. 298–326 in Castroviejo, S.†, Morales, R., Quintanar, A., Cabezas, F., Pujadas, A. & Cirujano, S. (eds.), Flora Ibérica. Plantas Vasculares de la Península Ibérica e Islas Baleares. Vol. XII. Verbenaceae − Labiatae − Callitrichaceae. liv + 650 pp., Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid. ISBN 978-84-00-09041-8. PDF. Reference page.
Lazkov, G.A. & Sultanova, B.A. 2011. Checklist of vascular plants of Kyrgyzstan. Norrlinia 24: 1–166. DJVU Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Salvia verticillata in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 June 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Salvia verticillata. Published online. Accessed: June 15 2019.

Vernacular names
čeština: šalvěj přeslenitá
Cymraeg: Clari troellennog
Deutsch: Quirlblütiger Salbei
English: whorled clary
eesti: Männassalvei
فارسی: مریم‌گلی بنفش
suomi: Kiehkurasalvia
français: Sauge verticillée
hrvatski: Pršljenasta kadulja
hornjoserbsce: Mutličkata želbija
ქართული: დაჯირა
Nederlands: Kranssalie
polski: szałwia okręgowa
русский: Шалфей мутовчатый
slovenčina: šalvia praslenatá
svenska: Kranssalvia
Türkçe: Helezonik ada çayı
українська: Шавлія кільчаста

Salvia verticillata, the lilac sage[1] or whorled clary, is a herbaceous perennial native to a wide area ranging from central Europe to western Asia, and naturalized in northern Europe and North America. It was first described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753.[2]

Salvia verticillata has a leafy base of mid-green leaves covered with hairs, putting up leaf-covered stems that carry 3 feet (0.91 m) inflorescences. The tiny lavender flowers grow tightly packed in whorls, with tiny lime-green and purple calyces. The specific epithet verticillata refers to the whorls that grow in verticils. A cultivar introduced in the 1990s, 'Purple Rain', is much more showy and long-blooming, growing about 2 feet (0.61 m) tall.[2]

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Salvia verticillata". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 28 October 2015.
Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. p. 298. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9.

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