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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Pedaliaceae
Genus: Sesamum
Sectiones: S. sect. Aptera – S. sect. Chamaesesamum – S. sect. Sesamopteris – S. sect. Sesamum
Species: S. abbreviatum – S. alatum – S. angolense – S. biapiculatum – S. brasiliense – S. calycinum – S. capense – S. digitaloides – S. edule – S. ekambaramii – S. foetidum – S. gracile – S. hopkinsii – S. indicum – S. javanicum – S. laciniatum – S. lamiifolium – S. latifolium – S. lepidotum – S. luteum – S. macranthum – S. marlothii – S. mombazense – S. mulayanum – S. parviflorum – S. pedalioides – S. pentaphyllum – S. prostratum – S. pterospermum – S. radiatum – S. rigidum – S. rostratum – S. sabulosum – S. schinzianum – S. somalense – S. talbotii – S. tavakarii – S. thonneri – S. trifoliatum – S. triphyllum
Name

Sesamum L., (1753)

Type species: Sesamum indicum L., Species Plantarum 2: 634. (1753)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Anthadenia Lem., Hort. Van Houtte fasc. 1: 4. 1845; Fl. des Serres, 2: (Avr. 1846). 10. t. 6.
Dysosmon Raf., Fl. Ludov. 48. 1817.
Gangila Bernh., Linnaea 16: 42. 1842.
Sesamopteris (Endl.) Meisn., Pl. Vasc. Gen. 298, 206. 1840.
Simsimum Bernh., Linnaea 16: 42. 1842.

Note: Consider following Goaverts et al., (2021) and subsume Ceratotheca, Dicerocaryum and Josephinia in an expanded Sesamum - see additional references.
References

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 2: 634.

Additional references

Christenhusz, M.J.M., Fay, M.F. & Byng, J.W. (eds). 2018. The Global Flora, Vol. 4: Special Edition, GLOVAP Nomenclature Part 1. Plant Gateway Ltd., Bradford. ISBN 978-0-9929993-5-3 PDFReference page.
Gormley, I.C., Bedigian, D. & Olmstead, R.G. 2015. Phylogeny of Pedaliaceae and Martyniaceae and the Placement of Trapella in Plantaginaceae s.l. Systematic Botany 40(1):259-268. DOI: 10.1600/036364415X686558 Paywall ResearchGate Reference page.
Manning, J.C. & Magee, A.R. 2018. Additional new combinations in Sesamum L. (Pedaliaceae: Sesameae). Bothalia 48(1): 1–2. DOI: 10.4102/abc.v48i1.2363 PDF Reference page.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Sesamum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Aug. 9. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Sesamum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Aug. 9. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2015. Sesamum. Published online. Accessed: Mar. 31 2015.
Tropicos.org 2015. Sesamum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 31 Mar. 2015.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Кунжут
English: Sesame
eesti: Seesam
suomi: Seesamit
latviešu: Sezami

Sesamum is a leguminous crop and genus of about 20 species in the flowering plant family Pedaliaceae. The plants are annual or perennial herbs with edible seeds. The best-known member of the genus is sesame, Sesamum indicum (syn. Sesamum orientale), the source of sesame seeds. The species are primarily African, with some species occurring in India, Sri Lanka, and China. The origin of S. indicum is uncertain, as it is widely cultivated and naturalized in tropical regions. The genus is closely related to the strictly African genus Ceratotheca and is itself probably African in origin.
Species

Species include:[1]

Sesamum abbreviatum Merxm.
Sesamum alatum Thonn.
Sesamum angolense Welw.
Sesamum biapiculatum De Wild.
Sesamum calycinum Welw.
Sesamum capense Burm. f.
Sesamum digitaloides Welw. ex Schinz
Sesamum gracile Endl.
Sesamum hopkinsii Suess.
Sesamum indicum L.
Sesamum lamiifolium Engl.
Sesamum latifolium J.B. Gillett
Sesamum lepidotum Schinz
Sesamum macranthum Oliv.
Sesamum marlothii Engl.
Sesamum mombazense De Wild. & T.Durand
Sesamum parviflorum Seidenst.
Sesamum pedalioides Welw. ex Hiern
Sesamum radiatum Schumach. & Thonn.
Sesamum rigidum Peyr.
Sesamum rostratum Hochst.
Sesamum sabulosum A.Chev.
Sesamum schinzianum Asch.
Sesamum somalense Chiov.
Sesamum thonneri De Wild. & T. Durand
Sesamum triphyllum Welw. ex Asch.

References

"The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species". Retrieved January 14, 2015.

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