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Thymus vulgaris

Thymus vulgaris, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Menthinae
Genus: Thymus
Sectio: T. sect. Thymus
Subsectio: T. subsect. Thymus
Species: Thymus vulgaris
Subspecies: T. v. subsp. aestivus – T. v. subsp. mansanetianus – T. v. subsp. vulgaris
Name

Thymus vulgaris L. Sp. Pl. 1: 591. 1753.
Synonyms

Homotypic
Origanum thymus Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 528. 1891.
Thymus collinus Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 86. 1796, nom. superfl.

Hybrids

T. × ahimae – T. × aitanae – T. × armuniae – T. × barrelieri – T. × citriodorus – T. × josephi-angeli – T. × lainzii – T. × monrealensis – T. × moralesii – T. × oriolalus – T. × rubioi – T. × viteki
References

Govaerts, R. et al. 2015. Thymus vulgaris in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 Sep 27. Reference page.
Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum 1: 591.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Thymus vulgaris in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service.

Vernacular names
беларуская: Чабор звычайны
català: Farigola, Tomell
čeština: tymián obecný
dansk: Have-Timian
Deutsch: Echter Thymian
Ελληνικά: Θυμάρι
English: garden thyme
español: tomillo limonero
eesti: Aed-liivatee
euskara: Ezkai
suomi: Timjami, tarha-ajuruoho
français: Thym commun
hrvatski: Vrtni timijan
Kreyòl ayisyen: Ten
magyar: kerti kakukkfű
lietuvių: Vaistinis čiobrelis
latviešu: Timiāns
Mirandés: Tomilho salseiro
Nederlands: Echte tijm
polski: macierzanka tymianek
português: Tomilho
română: Cimbru de câmp
русский: Тимьян обыкновенный
slovenčina: dúška tymianová
svenska: Kryddtimjan

Thymus vulgaris (common thyme, German thyme,[1] garden thyme[2] or just thyme) is a species of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae, native to southern Europe from the western Mediterranean to southern Italy. Growing to 15–30 cm (6–12 in) tall by 40 cm (16 in) wide, it is a bushy, woody-based evergreen subshrub with small, highly aromatic, grey-green leaves and clusters of purple or pink flowers in early summer.[3]

It is useful in the garden as groundcover, where it can be short-lived, but is easily propagated from cuttings.[3] It is also the main source of thyme as an ingredient in cooking and as an herbal medicine. It is slightly spicier than oregano and sweeter than sage.
A shoot of a common thyme plant in the wild (Castelltallat)

The Latin specific epithet vulgaris means “common” in the sense of “widespread”.[4]

Cultivars

Numerous cultivars and hybrids have been developed for ornamental purposes. Nomenclature can be very confusing.[5] French, German and English varieties vary by leaf shape and colour and essential oils.[6] The many cultivars include 'Argenteus' (silver thyme).[7]

The cultivar 'Silver Queen', with white-margined leaves, has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[8][9]
See also

Thyme (discussion of culinary and medicinal uses)
Thymol, a disinfectant extract of essential oils

References

"Bonnie Plants Thyme". Retrieved January 10, 2015.
"Thymus vulgaris". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 10 December 2015.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 978-1845337315.
Totally Thyme
Herbs 2000: Thymus vulgaris
Thymus argenteus
"RHS Plant Selector - Thymus 'Silver Queen'". RHS. Retrieved 5 March 2021.

"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 102. Retrieved 23 December 2018.

Bibliography

L. H. Bailey; Manual of Cultivated Plants.
M. Easter; International Thymus Register and Checklist.

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