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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Gentianales

Familia: Apocynaceae
Subfamilia: Apocynoideae
Tribus: Wrightieae
Genus: Wrightia
Species: W. angustifolia – W. annamensis – W. antidysenterica – W. arborea – W. calcicola – W. candollei – W. coccinea – W. collettii – W. demartiniana – W. dolichocarpa – W. dubia – W. flavorosea – W. hanleyi – W. indica – W. karaketii – W. kwangtungensis – W. laevis – W. lanceolata – W. lecomtei – W. natalensis – W. novobrittanica – W. palawanensis – W. poomae – W. puberula – W. pubescens – W. religiosa – W. saligna – W. siamensis – W. sikkimensis – W. sirikitiae – W. tinctoria – W. tokiae – W. versicolor – W. viridiflora
Name

Wrightia R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. 467 (1810) et Asclepiadeae 62. (1810); Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 1: 73. (1811)

Type species: Wrightia pubescens R.Br., Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 1: 73 (1809)

Synonyms

Anasser Blanco, Fl. Filipp. 112. 1837, nom. illeg. non Juss. (1789)
Balfouria R.Br., Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 467. (1810)
Piaggiaea Chiov., Fl. Somala 2: 290. (1932)
Scleranthera Pichon, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, Ser. B. Bot., 1. 74. (1951)
Walidda (A.DC.) Pichon, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat., Paris, Ser. B. Bot., 1. 74. (1951)

References

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae et Insulae van-Diemen 467.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2018. Wrightia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 Sept. 25. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Wrightia. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 25 2018.
Ngan, P.T. 1965. A revision of the genus Wrightia (Apocynaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 52: 161.
Middleton, D.J. 2005. A revision of Wrightia (Apocynaceae: Apocynoideae) in Malesia. Harvard Papers in Botany 10: 161–182. JSTOR PDF from ResearchGate
Middleton, D.J. 2010. Three new species of Wrightia (Apocynaceae: Apocynoideae) from Thailand. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 61: 129-138. PDF
Flora of China (2008). 'eFloras. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. 2009 Aug 21 [1].

Wrightia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae, first described as a genus in 1810. It native to tropical Africa, China, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, Papuasia, and Australia.[1] The species are all small trees or shrubs.[2]

The genus was named for William Wright (1735-1819), Scottish physician and botanist, by Robert Brown.

Wrightia antidysenterica has long been known in Indian Ayurvedic tradition, and is called "kuţaja" in Sanskrit.

Species[1]

Wrightia angustifolia - Sri Lanka
Wrightia annamensis - S China, Cambodia, Vietnam
Wrightia antidysenterica - Sri Lanka
Wrightia arborea - S China, India, Sri Lanka, Himalayas, Indochina
Wrightia candollei - Philippines
Wrightia coccinea - S China, Himalayas, Indochina
Wrightia collettii Ngan - Myanmar
Wrightia cunninghamii - Western Australia
Wrightia demartiniana - Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya
Wrightia dolichocarpa - W India
Wrightia dubia - Indochina, W Malaysia
†Wrightia flavorosea - Sri Lanka but extinct
Wrightia hanleyi - Palawan
Wrightia indica - S India
Wrightia karaketii - Thailand
Wrightia laevis - S China, SE Asia, Papuasia, Queensland
Wrightia lanceolata - S Thailand
Wrightia lecomtei - Cambodia, Vietnam
Wrightia natalensis -southern Africa
Wrightia novobritannica - New Britain
Wrightia palawanensis - Palawan
Wrightia poomae - Thailand
†Wrightia puberula - Sri Lanka but extinct
Wrightia pubescens - S China, SE Asia, Papuasia, N Australia
Wrightia religiosa - Guangdong, Indochina, W Malaysia
Wrightia saligna - N Australia
Wrightia siamensis - Thailand
Wrightia sikkimensis - S China, E Himalayas, Vietnam
Wrightia sirikitiae - Thailand
Wrightia tinctoria - India, Nepal, Myanmar, Vietnam, Timor and Australia
Wrightia tokiae - Thailand
Wrightia viridiflora - Thailand

formerly included[1]

Wrightia afzelii, syn of Pleioceras afzelii
Wrightia bacelliana, syn of Melodinus acutiflorus
Wrightia parviflora, syn of Pleioceras barteri
Wrightia piscidia, syn of Melodinus cochinchinensis
Wrightia stuhlmannii, syn of Alafia lucida

References

"World Checklist of Selected Plant Families". Retrieved May 16, 2014.
Flora of China Vol. 16 Page 174 倒吊笔属 dao diao bi shu Wrightia R. Brown, Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 1: 73. 1811.

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