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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Bufonidae
Genus: Bufoides
Species: B. kempi – B. meghalayanus

Bufoides Pillai & Yazdani, 1973

Type species: Ansonia meghalayana Yazdani & Chanda, 1971

Pillai and Yazdani, 1973, J. Zool. Soc. India, 25: 65.

Vernacular names
English: Mawblang Toads

Bufoides is a small genus of true toads, family Bufonidae.[1][2] The genus is endemic to Northeast India,[1] with one species known from the Garo and Khasi Hills.[3]

Taxonomy and systematics

Bufoides was erected in 1973 to accommodate Ansonia meghalayana. It remained monotypic until 2016 when Chandramouli and Amarasinghe transferred Pedostibes kempi to Bufoides, in their quest to achieve monophyletic Pedostibes. The move was supported by the morphological similarity and geographic proximity of the two species, and rendered Pedostibes monotypic and restricted to the Western Ghats. However, it remains possible that the two Bufoides species are actually conspecific.[3] The closest relatives of the genus remain unknown.[1]

Bufoides are small toads; the maximum sizes of the two species are 30 and 47 mm (1.2 and 1.9 in) in snout–vent length. Supraorbital, preorbital, and postorbital ridges are present. The parotoid glands are short and oval. No externally visible tympanum is present. The tips of the digits have rounded, poorly dilated discs. Dorsal skin is granular. The fingers have basal webbing whereas the toes have complete webbing.[3]

There are two recognized species: [1][2]

Bufoides kempi (Boulenger, 1919)
Bufoides meghalayanus (Yazdani and Chanda, 1971)


Frost, Darrel R. (2018). "Bufoides Pillai and Yazdani, 1973". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
"Bufonidae". AmphibiaWeb. University of California, Berkeley. 2018. Retrieved 8 March 2018.
Chandramouli, S. R. & Amarasinghe, A. A. Thasun (2016). "Taxonomic reassessment of the arboreal toad genus Pedostibes Günther 1876 (Anura: Bufonidae) and some allied oriental bufonid genera". Herpetologica. 72 (2): 137–147. doi:10.1655/herpetologica-d-15-00053. S2CID 89533353.

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