Fine Art

South Africa, CC BY 2.0 <>, via Wikimedia Commons" href=",_Apaloderma_narina_MALE_at_Lekgalameetse_Provincial_Reserve,_Limpopo,_South_Africa_(14654439002).jpg">Narina Trogon, Apaloderma narina MALE at Lekgalameetse Provincial Reserve, Limpopo, South Africa (14654439002)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Trogoniformes

Familia: Trogonidae
Genus: Apaloderma
Species: Apaloderma narina
Subspecies: A. n. arcanum - A. n. brachyurum - A. n. constantia - A. n. littorale - A. n. narina - A. n. rufiventre

Apaloderma narina (Stephens, 1815)

Original combination: Trogon narina


General Zoology 9 pt1 p. 14
Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Bosloerie
Deutsch: Narinatrogon
English: Narina Trogon
Esperanto: Narina trogono
français: Trogon narina
Nederlands: Narina-trogon
Kiswahili: Lukungu wa Kawaida
isiZulu: umJenenengu

The Narina trogon (Apaloderma narina) is a largely green and red, medium-sized (32–34 cm long), bird of the family Trogonidae. It is native to forests and woodlands of the Afrotropics. Though it is the most widespread and catholic in habitat choice of the three Apaloderma species, their numbers are locally depleted due to deforestation.[2] Some populations are sedentary while others undertake regular movements. The species name commemorates Narina, mistress of French ornithologist François Levaillant, whose name he derived from a Khoikhoi word for "flower",[3] as her given name was difficult to pronounce.
Female in South Africa

It is sexually dimorphic, with males more brightly coloured. Both sexes have vivid, gingery green upperpart plumage. The tail feathers have a metallic blue-green gloss. The outer three rectices on each side are tipped and fringed white, giving the undertail of perched birds a characteristic white appearance (compare bar-tailed trogon). The wing coverts are a grizzled grey, and remiges mostly colourless grey.

The male especially, has bright amaranth red underside plumage and bare, green gape and eye flanges. The female has brown face and chest plumage, blue skin orbiting the eyes and duller red plumage below. Immature birds resemble females, but have distinct white tips to the tertials (inner wing), and less distinct gape and eye flanges.
Range and habitat

The species has a large range in Africa, inhabiting lowland to highland, valley and riparian forests, from tropical to temperate regions, those occurring in highlands dispersing seasonally to lower levels. It is found from Sierra Leone to Ethiopia, and east Africa to eastern and southern South Africa. Due to its wide range and varied habitat choice, the Narina trogon is considered to be a species of least conservation concern.
Habits and nesting

The diet consists mainly of insects and small invertebrates as well as rodents and small reptiles. The call is a grating, low repeated hoot, given by males only, in defending territory or attracting mates. The male's bare, blue-green throat patch is expanded when calling and both sexes may fluff out the breast feathers in display. They nest in a tree hollow in which both sexes incubate or brood.
A. narina subsp. rufiventre in southern Uganda

There are 4 to 6 accepted races:[2][4]

A. n. subsp. constantia Sharpe & Ussher, 1872

Range: Senegal to Nigeria

A. n. subsp. arcanum Clancey, 1959

Range: Chad to n Kenya

A. n. subsp. brachyurum Chapin, 1923

Range: s Cameroon to Rift Valley

A. n. subsp. littorale van Someren, 1931 – Type from Sokoke Forest

Range: Somalia to Chirinda Forest, Zimbabwe

A. n. subsp. rufiventre A.J.C.Dubois, 1897 – Type from Mpala, DRC

Range: s DRC to s Uganda, Tanzania, Malawi, Namibia, Botswana and Zambia to Eastern Highlands

A. n. subsp. narina (Stephens, 1815) – Type from Knysna, South Africa

Range: South Africa to s Mozambique, winters northwards to Malawi


BirdLife International (2016). "Apaloderma narina". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22682715A92957651. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22682715A92957651.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
Chittenden, H.; et al. (2012). Roberts geographic variation of southern African birds. Cape Town: JVBBF. pp. 86–87. ISBN 978-1-920602-00-0.
Andreanidis, Antonios (2016). Scientific Names of Southern African Birds Explained: Is It All Greek to You?. AuthorHouse. ISBN 9781524636142.
Collar, N.; Kirwan, G. M. (2016). "Narina Trogon (Apaloderma narina)". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. Retrieved 16 September 2016.

Birds, Fine Art Prints

Birds Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World