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Ara rubrogenys

Ara rubrogenys (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Psittaciformes

Familia: Psittacidae
Subfamilia: Arinae
Tribus: Arini
Genus: Ara
Species: Ara rubrogenys

Ara rubrogenys Lafresnaye, 1847

de Lafresnaye, F. 1847. Quelques oiseaux nouveaux de Bolivie et de Nouvelle-Grenade. Revue Zoologique par la Société Cuviérienne 10: 65–67. BHL Reference page. p. 65 BHL.


IUCN: Ara rubrogenys (Critically Endangered)

Vernacular names
български: Червеноух ара
català: Guacamai frontvermell
čeština: Ara červenouchý
Deutsch: Rotohrara
English: Red-fronted Macaw
español: Guacamayo Dorado
فارسی: مکائو سینه‌سرخ
suomi: Bolivianara
français: Ara de Lafresnaye
galego: Guacamaio de testa vermella
עברית: ארה אדומת מצח
magyar: Vörösfülű ara
日本語: アカミミコンゴウインコ
кырык мары: Якшар пӹлӹшӓн ара
Nederlands: Roodwangara
norsk: Rødøreara
Diné bizaad: Shádiʼááhdę́ę́ʼ tsídii yáłtiʼítsoh bítááʼ halchíʼígíí
polski: Ara różowooka
پنجابی: لال پرا میکاع
português: Arara-do-fronte-vermelho
Runa Simi: Quri wakamayu
русский: Красноухий ара
svenska: rödpannad ara
українська: Ара червонолобий
اردو: سرخ سینہ مکاؤ
中文: 红额金刚鹦鹉

The red-fronted macaw (Ara rubrogenys) is a parrot endemic to a small semi-desert mountainous area of Bolivia. It is a critically endangered species; it has been successfully bred in captivity, and is available, if not common, as a pet. It is also sometimes known in the literature as Lafresnaye's macaw, named for the French ornithologist Frédéric de Lafresnaye, who was one of the first to describe the species.[3]


The red-fronted macaw is 55–60 cm (21.5–23.5 in) long. It is mostly green, and has a red forehead, a red patch over the ears and bright red to orange edged under wing coverts. It has an area of pinkish skin around the eyes extending to the beak. It has red at the bend of wings and blue primary wing feathers.
Range and habitat
The red-fronted macaw is native to a small mountainous area of south-central Bolivia situated about 200 km west of Santa Cruz, in the department of the same name, where the climate is medium altitude semi-desert. The natural vegetation consists mostly of cactus (large and small) and thorny trees and scrub. The climate is semi arid with cold nights and hot days. Rain comes in infrequent heavy storms. It is unusual in that it is the only macaw to inhabit such a climatic zone. Most macaws nest in holes in large trees, however here there are no very large trees in its range so it nests in vertical fissures in cliff faces.[4] The bird has been captured for the pet trade in the past and killed by local farmers because it raids their crops.


BirdLife International (2018). "Ara rubrogenys". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T22685572A131382876. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22685572A131382876.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
"Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 2022-01-14.
Alderton, D. Atlas of Parrots of the World. p. 211. ISBN 0-86622-120-4.
Lanning, D. V. (1991). "Distribution and breeding biology of the Red-fronted Macaw" (PDF). Wilson Bulletin. 103 (3): 357–365.

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