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Baryphthengus martii

Baryphthengus martii (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Coraciiformes

Familia: Momotidae
Genus: Baryphthengus
Species: Baryphthengus martii
Subspecies: B. m. costaricensis - B. m. martii - B. m. semirufus

Baryphthengus martii (Spix, 1824)

Avium species novae, quas in itinere per Brasiliam annis MDCCCXVII-MDCCCXX jussu et auspiciis Maximiliani Josephi I. Bavariae regis suscepto, collegit et descripsit Dr. J.B. de Spix. 1 p. 64 pl.60
Vernacular names
čeština: momot skořicový
dansk: Rødbrun Motmot
Deutsch: Zimtbrustmotmot
English: Rufous Motmot
español: Momoto Yeruvá Occidental
suomi: amazonianmomotti
français: Motmot roux
magyar: Rozsdásfejű motmot
italiano: Motmot rugginoso
日本語: アマゾンオオハチクイモドキ, amazon'oohachikuimodoki
Nederlands: Rosse Motmot
norsk: Kanelmotmot
polski: piłodziób rdzawy
português do Brasil: Juruva-ruiva
português: Juruva-ruiva
русский: Рыжый момот
slovenčina: momot škoricový
svenska: Rödbrun motmot
中文: 棕翠鴗

The rufous motmot (Baryphthengus martii) is a near-passerine bird in the family Momotidae. It is found from northeastern Honduras south to western Ecuador, northern Bolivia, and western Brazil.[2][3]

Taxonomy and systematics

The rufous motmot and rufous-capped motmot (Baryphtengus ruficapillus) are the only two species in their genus, and have sometimes been treated as conspecific and apparently form a superspecies.[3] The rufous motmot has two recognized subspecies, the nominate Baryphthengus martii martii and B. m. semirufus.[2] In the early 20th century, B. m. martii was classified in its own genus, Urospatha.[4] Later, the Nicaraguan and Costa Rican populations were considered to be a third subspecies, B. m. costaricensis, but it was decided they were part of B. m. semirufus.[3] The binomial commemorates the German botanist and explorer Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius.


The rufous motmot is the second-largest member of its family. The male of the nominate subspecies is 42 to 47 cm (17 to 19 in) long and weighs 146 to 160 g (5.1 to 5.6 oz). The female weighs 153 to 173 g (5.4 to 6.1 oz). Male and female B. m. semirufus weigh 185 to 193 g (6.5 to 6.8 oz) and 170 to 208 g (6.0 to 7.3 oz) respectively. Adults are mainly cinnamon-rufous, with a black face mask and central breast spot, green wings and sides, a greenish-blue lower belly, and dark blue tail and flight feathers. The tail is very long, and that of B. m. semirufus but not the nominate has a bare-shafted racket tip. The bill and legs are black. Young birds are paler and duller than adults, and lack the tail rackets and black breast spot.[3]
Distribution and habitat

The nominate subspecies of rufous motmot occurs in the western Amazon Basin in southeastern Colombia through eastern Ecuador and Peru to northern Bolivia, and east into western Brazil. The range of B. m. semirufus is separate from that of the nominate. It occurs from eastern Honduras through the Caribbean slopes of Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama, and continues on the Pacific slope of Panama into northwestern Colombia and western Ecuador. In elevation it ranges from near sea level to 1,250 m (4,100 ft) in Costa Rica and to 1,400 m (4,600 ft) in Panama and Ecuador. In Peru it can be found locally to 1,600 m (5,200 ft) but more generally to 1,300 m (4,300 ft).[3]

The rufous motmot inhabits humid lowland evergreen primary forest and also secondary forest. It prefers tall forest, especially along rivers and streams, but avoids dense foliage.[3]


The rufous motmot is omnivorous. It has been documented eating many types of fruit, adult insects and their larva, arachnids including crustaceans, and small fish, lizards, and frogs.[3]


The rufous motmot's breeding and nesting phenology has few reported details. It is assumed to nest in deep burrows in earthen banks like other motmots. The clutch size and eggs are undescribed.[3]

The rufous motmot's song has been described as "hoos, hoots, or hoops" [1]. It is sometimes answered by a low owl-like hoop hoop huhuhuhuhuhu [2]. An agitation call is a dry chatter [3].[3]


The IUCN has assessed the rufous motmot as being of Least Concern.[1]
Canopy Lodge - El Valle, Panama (flash photo)


BirdLife International (2020). "Rufous Motmot Baryphthengus martii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
Gill, F.; Donsker, D.; Rasmussen, P. (January 2021). "IOC World Bird List (v 11.1)". Retrieved January 14, 2021.
Master, T. L. (2020). Rufous Motmot (Baryphthengus martii), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved May 6, 2021

Remsen, J. V., Jr., J. I. Areta, E. Bonaccorso, S. Claramunt, A. Jaramillo, D. F. Lane, J. F. Pacheco, M. B. Robbins, F. G. Stiles, and K. J. Zimmer. Version 19 January 2021. A classification of the bird species of South America. American Ornithological Society. retrieved January 19, 2021

External links
"Rufous motmot media". Internet Bird Collection.
Rufous motmot photo gallery at VIREO (Drexel University)
Photo-Medium Res; Article—"The Tropical Rain Forest"
Rufous motmot species account at Neotropical Birds (Cornell Lab of Ornithology)
Interactive range map of Baryphthengus martii at IUCN Red List maps

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