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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Catamenia
Species: C. analis – C. homochroa – C. inornata

Catamenia Bonaparte, 1850

Typus: Linaria analis d’Orbigny & Lafresnaye, 1837 = Catamenia analis


Duncanula Chubb, 1921 Ann.Mag.Nat.Hist. p. 193


Bonaparte, C.L. 1850. Conspectus generum avium. Tome I. pp. [1–5], 1–543. Lugduni Batavorum (Leida). (E.J. Brill). First availability p. 493 BHL Reference page.

Catamenia is a genus of atypical seedeaters. Formerly placed in the Emberizidae, they are now placed in the tanager family Thraupidae.

These species are found in more open areas in the Andes and the adjacent lowlands. Males are mainly gray; females are brownish and streaked. Both sexes have a distinctive chestnut crissum.[1]
Taxonomy and species list

The genus Catamenia was introduced in 1850 by the French naturalist Charles Lucien Bonaparte.[2] The name is from the Ancient Greek katamēnia meaning "menstrual" or "menstruous".[3] The type species was designated by the English zoologist George Robert Gray as the band-tailed seedeater in 1855.[4][5] The genus now contains three species.[6]

This genus was traditionally placed with other seed-eating birds in the family Emberizidae.[5] A series of molecular phylogenetic studies published in the first decade of the 21st century found that many genera in Emberizidae were more closely related to the fruit eating birds in the family Thraupidae.[7][8] In the reorganization of the family boundaries, Catamenia was one of several genera moved to Thraupidae.[6]

A genetic study of the Thraupidae published in 2014 found that Catamenia is sister to the genus Diglossa in the subfamily Diglossinae. Within Catamenia, the band-tailed seedeater is sister to a clade containing the plain-colored seedeater and the paramo seedeater.[9]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Band-tailed Seedeater RWD.jpg Catamenia analis Band-tailed seedeater Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru
Plain-colored-Seedeater.jpg Catamenia inornata Plain-colored seedeater Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela
Paramo seedeater.jpg Catamenia homochroa Paramo seedeater Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Venezuela


Ridgely, Robert S.; Tudor, Guy (2009). Birds of South America: Passerines. Helm Field Guides. London: Christopher Helm. p. 649. ISBN 978-1-408-11342-4.
Bonaparte, Charles Lucian (1850). Conspectus Generum Avium (in Latin). Volume 1. Leiden: E.J. Brill. p. 493.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 94. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gray, George Robert (1855). Catalogue of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds Contained in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 78.
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Volume 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 152.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Tanagers and allies". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 4 November 2020.
Barker, F.K.; Burns, K.J.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S.M.; Lovette, I.J. (2013). "Going to extremes: contrasting rates of diversification in a recent radiation of New World passerine birds". Systematic Biology. 62 (2): 298–320. doi:10.1093/sysbio/sys094. PMID 23229025.
Remsen, J. Van Jr; Burns, Kevin (2011). "Proposal (512) to South American Classification Committee: Transfer genera from Emberizidae to Thraupidae". South American Classification Committee (SACC) of the American Ornithological Society (AOS). Retrieved 4 November 2020.
Burns, K.J.; Shultz, A.J.; Title, P.O.; Mason, N.A.; Barker, F.K.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S.M.; Lovette, I.J. (2014). "Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 75: 41–77. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006.

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