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Dupont's Lark, Morocco 1 (crop)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Alaudidae
Genus: Chersophilus
Species: Chersophilus duponti
Subspecies: C. d. duponti – C. d. margaritae

Chersophilus duponti (Vieillot, 1820)

Alauda duponti (protonym)


Faune Francaise 1: 173, pl.76 fig.2

Vernacular names
العربية: قنبرة طويلة المنقار
brezhoneg: Alc'hweder-Dupont
català: Alosa becuda
Deutsch: Dupontlerche
English: Dupont's Lark
Esperanto: Brovalaŭdo
español: Alondra ricotí
euskara: Portugalgo pirripio
suomi: Kaitanokkakiuru
français: Sirli ricoti
Nederlands: Duponts leeuwerik
polski: Skowrończyk sierpodzioby
português: Calhandra-de-dupont
svenska: Dupontlärka
中文: 杜氏百灵

Dupont's lark (Chersophilus duponti) is a species of lark in the family Alaudidae of the monotypic genus Chersophilus. It is found in northern Africa and Spain.

Taxonomy and systematics

Dupont's lark was originally described by Louis Jean Pierre Vieillot in 1820 and placed in the genus Alauda.[2][3] It was named for the French naturalist Léonard Puech Dupont, who had collected the species and showed it to Vieillot.[4]

Two subspecies are recognized:[5]

North-western Dupont's lark (C. d. duponti) - (Vieillot, 1824): Found in southern Spain, northern Morocco, northern Algeria and northern Tunisia
South-eastern Dupont's lark (C. d. margaritae) - (Koenig, AF, 1888): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Alaemon. Found from central Algeria to western Egypt


Like most other larks, Dupont's lark is an undistinguished looking species on the ground. It is 17–18 cm long, slim, with a long neck, long legs and a fine slightly curved bill. It has a thin pale crown stripe and a dark-streaked breast. The north-western Dupont's lark of Europe and north-west Africa is mainly brown-grey above and pale below. The south-eastern Dupont's lark, which occupies most of the rest of the African range, has rufous upperparts.

Its song is a repeated thin, melancholic whistling phrase, very ventriloquial (difficult to locate) and a nasal whistle given mainly at dawn and dusk or at night.
Distribution and habitat

It breeds across much of northern Africa, from Algeria to Egypt, and in Spain and France.[1] It is a non-migratory resident. It is a species that commonly inhabits chaparral areas.[6] However, it experiences a 3.9% annual population decrease in Spain with a 32.8% decrease from 2008 to 2018, shifting its conservation status to vulnerable on the national level and endangered in the regions of Andalusia and Castile-León.[7]
Behaviour and ecology

This is a very shy species, which runs for cover when disturbed. It is difficult to see while running among vegetation but it sometimes sings, standing upright on the edge of a low bush.

This is a bird of open sandy semi-desert or steppe with some grass. Its nest is on the ground, with three or four eggs being laid. Its food is seeds and insects.

BirdLife International (2020). "Chersophilus duponti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020: e.T22717380A173711498. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2020-3.RLTS.T22717380A173711498.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
Vieillot, Louis Jean Pierre (1820) Faune française, ou Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière des animaux qui se trouvent en France, constamment ou passagèrement, à la surface du sol, dans les eaux qui le baignent, et dans le lit, pages 173-174 (in French)
"Chersophilus duponti - Avibase". Retrieved 16 December 2016.
Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2014). The Eponym Dictionary of Birds. New York, NY, USA: Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4729-0574-1.
"IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/
García Antón, Alexander; Garza, Vicente; Hernández Justribó, Jorge; Traba, Juan (15 February 2019). Arlettaz, Raphaël (ed.). "Factors affecting Dupont´s lark distribution and range regression in Spain". PLOS ONE. 14 (2): e0211549. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0211549. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 6377091. PMID 30768612.
Gómez-Catasús, Julia; Pérez-Granados, Cristian; Barrero, Adrián; Bota, Gerard; Giralt, David; López-Iborra, Germán M.; Serrano, David; Traba, Juan (19 September 2018). "European population trends and current conservation status of an endangered steppe-bird species: the Dupont's lark Chersophilus duponti". PeerJ. 6: e5627. doi:10.7717/peerj.5627. ISSN 2167-8359. PMC 6151120. PMID 30258721.

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