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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Apodiformes

Familia: Trochilidae
Subfamilia: Trochilinae
Genus: Chlorostilbon
Species: C. alice – C. assimilis – C. aureoventris – C. auriceps – C. canivetii – C. forficatus – C. gibsoni – C. lucidus – C. maugaeus – C. melanorhynchus – C. mellisugus – C. notatus – C. olivaresi – C. poortmani – C. ricordii – C. russatus – C. stenurus – C. swainsonii

Extinct species (2): Chlorostilbon bracei - Chlorostilbon elegans

Chlorostilbon, Gould, 1853

John Gould A monograph of the Trochilidae, or family of humming-birds. pt5 pl.14

Chlorostilbon is a genus of hummingbird in the family Trochilidae, known as emeralds (as are some hummingbirds in the genera Amazilia and Elvira). A single species, the blue-chinned sapphire is variously placed in the monotypic genus Chlorestes or in Chlorostilbon. The taxonomy of the C. mellisugus superspecies is highly complex and, depending on view, includes 1-8 species. All species in this genus have straight black or black-and-red bills. The males are overall iridescent green, golden-green or bluish-green, and in some species the tail and/or throat is blue.[1] The females have whitish-grey underparts, tail-corners and post-ocular streak.

The genus Chlorostilbon was introduced in 1853 by the English ornithologist John Gould.[2][3]

The genus contains ten species:[2]

Blue-tailed emerald (Chlorostilbon mellisugus)
Garden emerald (Chlorostilbon assimilis)
Red-billed emerald (Chlorostilbon gibsoni)
Western emerald (Chlorostilbon melanorhynchus)
Chiribiquete emerald (Chlorostilbon olivaresi)
Glittering-bellied emerald (Chlorostilbon lucidus; formerly C. aureoventris)
Coppery emerald (Chlorostilbon russatus)
Narrow-tailed emerald (Chlorostilbon stenurus)
Green-tailed emerald (Chlorostilbon alice)
Short-tailed emerald (Chlorostilbon poortmani)


Short-tailed emerald, by John Gould

Glittering-bellied emerald


Stiles, F. Gary (1996). "A New Species of Emerald Hummingbird (Trochilidae, Chlorostilbon) from the Sierra de Chiribiquete, Southeastern Colombia, with a Review of the C. mellisugus Complex". The Wilson Bulletin. 108 (1): 1–27. ISSN 0043-5643.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Hummingbirds". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
Gould, John (1853). A Monograph of the Trochilidae, or Family of Humming-Birds. Volume 5. London: self. Plate 355 and text (Part 5 Plate 14). The 5 volumes were issued in 25 parts between 1849 and 1861. Title pages of all volumes bear the date of 1861.

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