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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Columbiformes

Familia: Columbidae
Subfamilia: Columbinae
Genus: Gallicolumba
Species (8): G. crinigera – G. keayi – † G. leonpascoi – G. luzonica – G. menagei – G. platenae – G. rufigula – G. tristigmata

Gallicolumba Heck, 1849
Bilder-Atlas zum Conversations-Lexikon 1 p. 434

Gallicolumba is a mid-sized genus of ground-dwelling doves (family Columbidae) which occur in rainforests on the Philippines. Local name 'punay' which is a general term for pigeons and doves. They are not closely related to the American ground doves (genus Columbina and related genera). Rather, the present genus is closest to the thick-billed ground pigeon.

This genus includes the bleeding-hearts known from the Philippines. Most are named for their vivid-red patch on the breast, which looks startlingly like a bleeding wound in some species and has reminded naturalists of a dagger stab. The diet of doves of this genus consists of fruits and seed.
Systematics and extinctions

Gallicolumba might be ranked as a (very small) subfamily, but the available data suggests that they are better considered part of a quite basal radiation of Columbidae which consists of many small and often bizarre lineages (e.g. Goura and Otidiphaps which are ecologically convergent to Galliformes, and maybe even the famous didines (Raphinae).

The genus contains seven species:[2]

Sulawesi ground dove, Gallicolumba tristigmata
Cinnamon ground dove, Gallicolumba rufigula
Luzon bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba luzonica
Mindanao bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba crinigera
Mindoro bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba platenae
Negros bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba keayi
Sulu bleeding-heart, Gallicolumba menagei - possibly extinct (late 1990s?)

Many of the Pacific ground doves were removed from Gallicolumba (which was non-monophyletic) and reassigned to the genus Alopecoenas, which was later renamed Pampusana.[2][3][4]

Johann Georg Heck: Bilder-Atlas zum Conversations-Lexikon. Verlag Leipzig, Brockhaus, 1849.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 March 2020.
Jønsson, K.A.; Irestedt, M.; Bowie, R.C.K.; Christidis, L.; Fjeldså, J. (2011). "Systematics and biogeography of Indo-Pacific ground-doves". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 59 (2): 538–543. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.01.007. PMID 21256968.
Moyle, R.G.; Jones, R.M.; Andersen, M.J. (2013). "A reconsideration of Gallicolumba (Aves: Columbidae) relationships using fresh source material reveals pseudogenes, chimeras, and a novel phylogenetic hypothesis". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 66 (3): 1060–1066. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2012.11.024. PMID 23220516.

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