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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Columbiformes

Familia: Columbidae
Subfamilia: Columbinae
Genus: Geotrygon
Species: G. caniceps – G. chrysia – G. leucometopia – G. montana – G. mystacea – G. purpurata – G. saphirina – G. versicolor – G. violacea

Geotrygon Gosse, 1847
Type species

Geotrygon versicolor


Oreopelia Reichenbach, 1852
Osculatia Bonaparte, 1855


The birds of Jamaica: 316
Banks, R.C., Weckstein, J.D., Remsen, J.V., Jr & Johnson, K.P. 2013. Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini). Zootaxa 3669(2): 184–188. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3669.2.11 pdf full text Reference page.
Mlíkovský, J. 2016. The type species of the genus Geotrygon Gosse, 1847 (Aves: Columbidae). Zootaxa 4126(1): 138–140. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4126.1.8. Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Quail-doves
Esperanto: Koturnokolombo

Geotrygon is a bird genus in the pigeon and dove family (Columbidae). Its members are called quail-doves, and all live in the Neotropics. The species of this genus have ranges from southern Mexico and Central America to the West Indies and South America. Quail-doves are ground-dwelling birds that live, nest, and feed in dense forests. They are remarkable for their purple to brown coloration with light-and-dark facial markings.

The genus Geotrygon was introduced in 1847 by English naturalist Philip Henry Gosse.[1] The name combines the Ancient Greek geō- meaning "ground-" and trērōn meaning "pigeon".[2] The type species was subsequently designated as the crested quail-dove (Geotrygon versicolor).[3]

The genus contains nine species:[4]

Grey-fronted quail-dove, G. caniceps
Key West quail-dove, G. chrysia
†Puerto Rican quail-dove, Geotrygon larva - prehistoric
White-fronted quail-dove or Hispaniolan quail-dove, G. leucometopius
Ruddy quail-dove, G. montana
Bridled quail-dove, G. mystacea
Purple quail-dove, G. purpurata
Sapphire quail-dove, G. saphirina
Crested quail-dove, G. versicolor
Violaceous quail-dove, G. violacea

Members of the genera Zentrygon and Leptotrygon are also known as quail-doves, and were formerly included in Geotrygon. The species Starnoenas cyanocephala was previously referred to as a quail-dove, though this English name is no longer used.[5]


Geotrygon – 9 species

Leptotrygon – Olive-backed quail-dove

Leptotila – 11 species

Zentrygon – 8 species

Zenaida – 7 species

Cladogram showing the position of Geotrygon among its closest relatives.[6][7]

Gosse, Philip Henry (1847). The Birds of Jamaica. London: J. Van Voorst. p. 316.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 172. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Peters, James Lee, ed. (1937). Check-List of Birds of the World. Volume 3. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 132.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Pigeons". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
Olson, Storrs L.; Wiley, James W. (2016). "The Blue-headed Quail-Dove (Starnoenas cyanocephala): An Australasian dove marooned in Cuba". The Wilson Journal of Ornithology. 128: 1–21. doi:10.1676/1559-4491-128.1.1.
Banks, R.C.; Weckstein, J.D.; Remsen Jr, J.V.; Johnson, K.P. (2013). "Classification of a clade of New World doves (Columbidae: Zenaidini)". Zootaxa. 3669 (2): 184–188. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3669.2.11.

Johnson, K.P.; Weckstein, J.D. (2011). "The Central American land bridge as an engine of diversification in New World doves". Journal of Biogeography. 38: 1069–1076. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2699.2011.02501.x.

Gibbs, David; Barnes, Eustace; Cox, John (2001). Pigeons and Doves: A Guide to the Pigeons and Doves of the World. Yale University Press. pp. 370–390. ISBN 0-300-07886-2.

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