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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Piciformes

Familia: Picidae
Subfamilia: Picinae
Genus: Hemicircus
Species: H. canente – H. concretus

Hemicircus Swainson, 1837

Picus concretus Temminck, 1821, = Hemicircus concretus


On the natural history and classification of birds 2: 306.

Hemicircus is a genus of birds in the woodpecker family Picidae. Members of the genus are found in India and Southeast Asia.

These are small woodpeckers with short tails. The plumage is mainly black and white.[1]

The genus was introduced in 1837 by the English naturalist William John Swainson with the grey-and-buff woodpecker (Hemicircus concretus) as the type species.[2][3] The genus name combines the Ancient Greek 'hēmi meaning "half" or "small" and kerkos meaning "tail".[4]

The genus contains two species:[5]

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Grey and buff woodpecker - female.jpg Grey-and-buff woodpecker Hemicircus sordidus Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo and Java
ചിത്രാംഗൻ മരംകൊത്തി.jpg Heart-spotted woodpecker Hemicircus canente Western Ghats and the forests of central India


Short, Lester L. (1982). Woodpeckers of the World. Monograph Series 4. Greenville, Delaware: Delaware Museum of Natural History. p. 525. ISBN 0-913176-05-2.
Swainson, William John (1837). On the Natural History and Classification of Birds. Volume 2. London: John Taylor. p. 306.
Peters, James Lee, ed. (1948). Check-List of Birds of the World. Volume 6. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 223.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 189. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (2020). "Woodpeckers". IOC World Bird List Version 10.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 May 2020.

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