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Ichthyaetus audouinii

Ichthyaetus audouinii (*)

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Charadriiformes
Subordo: Lari

Familia: Laridae
Subfamilia: Larinae
Genus: Ichthyaetus
Species: Ichthyaetus audouinii
Name

Ichthyaetus audouinii (Payraudeau, 1826)
Synonyms

Larus audouinii

References

Annales Des Sciences Naturelles 8: 462
Vernacular names
български: Средиземноморска чайка
català: Gavina corsa
čeština: Racek zelenonohý
Cymraeg: Gwylan Audouin
dansk: Audouinsmåge
Deutsch: Korallenmöwe
Ελληνικά: Αιγαιόγλαρος
English: Audouin's Gull
Esperanto: Koralmevo
español: Gaviota de Audouin
eesti: vahemere kajakas
euskara: Audouin kaio
suomi: Välimerenlokki
français: Goéland d'Audouin
galego: Gaivota de Audouin
עברית: שחף אדום מקור
magyar: Korallsirály
íslenska: Kóralmáfur
italiano: Gabbiano corso
日本語: アカハシカモメ
lietuvių: Koralinis Kiras
Malti: Gawwija Geddumha Aħmar
Nederlands: Audouins meeuw
norsk: Middelhavsmåke
polski: Mewa śródziemnomorska
português: Gaivota-de-audouin
rumantsch: Muetta d'Audouin
русский: Чайка Одуэна
slovenčina: Čajka ostrovná
slovenščina: Sredozemski galeb
shqip: Pulëbardha e kepit
српски / srpski: Црвеноклјуни галеб
svenska: Rödnäbbad trut
Türkçe: Ada martısı
中文: 地中海鸥

Audouin's gull (Ichthyaetus audouinii) is a large gull restricted to the Mediterranean and the western coast of Saharan Africa and the Iberian Peninsula. The genus name is from Ancient Greek ikhthus, "fish", and aetos, "eagle", and the specific audouinii and the English name are after the French naturalist Jean Victoire Audouin.[2]

It breeds on small islands colonially or alone, laying 2–3 eggs on a ground nest. As is the case with many gulls, it has traditionally been placed in the genus Larus.

In the late 1960s, this was one of the world's rarest gulls, with a population of only 1,000 pairs. It has established new colonies, but remains rare with a population of about 10,000 pairs.

This species, unlike many large gulls, rarely scavenges, but is a specialist fish eater, and is therefore strictly coastal and pelagic. This bird will feed at night, often well out to sea, but also slowly patrols close into beaches, occasionally dangling its legs to increase drag.

The adult basically resembles a small European herring gull, the most noticeable differences being the short stubby red bill and "string of pearls" white wing primary tips, rather than the large "mirrors" of some other species. The legs are grey-green. It takes four years to reach adult plumage.

This species shows little tendency to wander from its breeding areas, but there were single records in the Netherlands and England in May 2003,[3] and one spent from December 2016 to April 2017 in Trinidad.[4]

The Audouin's gull is one of the species to which the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds (AEWA) applies.
References

BirdLife International (2020). "Larus audouinii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 60, 224. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
"Audouin's Gull (Larus audouinii) admitted to the British List". Birdguides. 28 June 2004. Archived from the original on 10 December 2020. Retrieved 10 December 2020.
Kenefick, Martyn 2017; Fourteenth Report of the Trinidad and Tobago Birds Status and Distribution Committee Records Submitted during 2016; Living World, J. Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalist�s Club

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