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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Gruiformes

Familia: Rallidae
Genus: Laterallus
Species: Laterallus albigularis – Laterallus exilis – Laterallus fasciatus – Laterallus flaviventer – Laterallus jamaicensis – Laterallus leucopyrrhus – Laterallus levraudi – Laterallus melanophaius – Laterallus rogersi – Laterallus ruber – Laterallus spilonota – Laterallus spiloptera – Laterallus xenopterus.

Laterallus Gray, 1855

Rallus melanophaius Vieillot, 1819 = Laterallus melanophaius
Catalogue of the genera and subgenera of birds contained in the British museum p.120

Laterallus is a genus of birds in the rail family Rallidae. These small, relatively short-billed terrestrial rails are found among dense vegetation near water in the Neotropics, although a single species, the black rail, also occurs in the United States.

The genus was erected by the English zoologist George Robert Gray in 1855 with the rufous-sided crake (Laterallus melanophaius) as the type species.[1] The genus name is a portmanteau of Rallus lateralis, a synonym of the binomial name for the rufous-sided crake.[2] The authors of a molecular genetic study published in 2019 proposed that the yellow-breasted crake, the dot-winged crake, and the flightless Inaccessible Island rail should be moved to this genus.[3]

The genus contains 13 species:[4]

Black-banded crake, Laterallus fasciatus
Rufous-sided crake, Laterallus melanophaius
Rusty-flanked crake, Laterallus levraudi
Ruddy crake, Laterallus ruber
White-throated crake, Laterallus albigularis
Grey-breasted crake, Laterallus exilis
Yellow-breasted crake, Laterallus flaviventer
Black rail, Laterallus jamaicensis
Junin crake, Laterallus jamaicensis tuerosi
Galapagos crake, Laterallus spilonota
Dot-winged crake, Laterallus spiloptera
Inaccessible Island rail, Laterallus rogersi
Red-and-white crake, Laterallus leucopyrrhus
Rufous-faced crake, Laterallus xenopterus


Gray, George Robert (1855). Catalogue of the Genera and Subgenera of Birds Contained in the British Museum. London: British Museum. p. 120.
Jobling, J.A. (2019). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Laterallus". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive: Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
Stervander, M.; Ryan, P.G.; Melo, M.; Hansson, B. (2019). "The origin of the world's smallest flightless bird, the Inaccessible Island rail Atlantisia rogersi (Aves: Rallidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 130: 92–98. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2018.10.007.

Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Flufftails, finfoots, rails, trumpeters, cranes, limpkin". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 8 July 2019.

Taylor, B., & van Perlo, B. (1998). Rails – A Guide to the Rails, Crakes, Gallinules and Coots of the World. ISBN 1-873403-59-3

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