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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Galloanseres
Ordo: Galliformes

Familia: Phasianidae
Subfamilia: Perdicinae
Genera (23): Alectoris - Ammoperdix - Anurophasis - Arborophila - Bambusicola - Caloperdix - Coturnix – Excalfactoria – Francolinus - Galloperdix - Haematortyx - Lerwa - Margaroperdix - Melanoperdix - OphrysiaPerdicula - Perdix - Ptilopachus - Rhizothera - Rollulus - Tetraogallus - Tetraophasis - Xenoperdix


Perdicinae Horsfield, 1821
Vernacular names
Deutsch: Rebhuhn
English: Partridges & quails
slovenčina: Jarabica

Perdicinae is a polyphyletic former subfamily of birds in the pheasant family, Phasianidae, regrouping the partridges, Old World quails, and francolins.[1] Although this subfamily was considered monophyletic and separated from the pheasants, tragopans, junglefowls, and peafowls (Phasianinae) till the early 1990s,[1][2] molecular phylogenies have shown that these two subfamilies actually constitute only one lineage. For example, some partridges (Perdix genus) are more closely affiliated to pheasants, whereas Old World quails and partridges from the Alectoris genus are closer to junglefowls.[3][4] Due to this, the subfamily Perdicinae is no longer recognized by the International Ornithological Congress, with the species being split among 3 subfamilies.[5]

Perdicinae is a non-migratory Old World group. These are medium-sized birds, and are native to Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East. They are ground-nesting seed-eaters. The subfamily includes the partridges, the snowcocks, the francolins, the spurfowl and the Old World quail.
Species list in taxonomic order

Arabian partridge, Alectoris melanocephala
Przevalski's partridge, Alectoris magna
Rock partridge, Alectoris graeca
Chukar partridge, Alectoris chukar
Philby's partridge, Alectoris philbyi
Barbary partridge, Alectoris barbara
Red-legged partridge, Alectoris rufa
See-see partridge, Ammoperdix griseogularis
Sand partridge, Ammoperdix heyi
Arborophila, the hill partridges
Hill partridge, Arborophila torqueola
Sichuan partridge, Arborophila rufipectus
Chestnut-breasted partridge, Arborophila mandellii
White-necklaced partridge, Arborophila gingica
Rufous-throated partridge, Arborophila rufogularis
White-cheeked partridge, Arborophila atrogularis
Taiwan partridge, Arborophila crudigularis
Hainan partridge, Arborophila ardens
Chestnut-bellied partridge, Arborophila javanica
Grey-breasted partridge, Arborophila orientalis
Bar-backed partridge, Arborophila brunneopectus
Orange-necked partridge, Arborophila davidi
Chestnut-headed partridge, Arborophila cambodiana
Red-breasted partridge, Arborophila hyperythra
Red-billed partridge, Arborophila rubrirostris
Sumatran partridge, Arborophila sumatrana
Roll's partridge, Arborophila rolli
Malayan partridge, Arborophila campbelli
Vietnam partridge, Arborophila merlini
Mountain bamboo partridge, Bambusicola fytchii
Chinese bamboo partridge, Bambusicola thoracica
Taiwan bamboo partridge, Bambusicola sonorivox
Ferruginous partridge, Caloperdix oculea
Coqui francolin, Campocolinus coqui
White-throated francolin, Campocolinus albogularis
Schlegel's francolin, Campocolinus schlegelii
Rain quail, Coturnix coromandelica
Harlequin quail, Coturnix delegorguei
Common quail, Coturnix coturnix
Japanese quail, Coturnix japonica
†New Zealand quail, Coturnix novaezelandiae (extinct)
Stubble quail, Coturnix pectoralis
Black francolin, Francolinus francolinus
Painted francolin, Francolinus pictus
Chinese francolin, Francolinus pintadeanus
Red spurfowl, Galloperdix spadicea
Painted spurfowl, Galloperdix lunulata
Sri Lanka spurfowl, Galloperdix bicalcarata
Crimson-headed partridge, Haematortyx sanguiniceps
Snow partridge, Lerwa lerwa
Madagascar partridge, Margaroperdix madagarensis
Black partridge, Melanoperdix nigra
Himalayan quail, Ophrysia monorthonyx
Crested francolin, Ortygornis sephaena
Grey francolin, Ortygornis pondicerianus
Swamp francolin, Ortygornis gularis
Latham's francolin, Peliperdix lathami
Jungle bush quail, Perdicula asiatica
Rock bush quail, Perdicula argoondah
Painted bush quail, Perdicula erythrorhyncha
Manipur bush quail, Perdicula manipurensis
Grey partridge, Perdix perdix
Daurian partridge, Perdix dauurica
Tibetan partridge, Perdix hodgsoniae
Long-billed partridge, Rhizothera longirostris
Dulit partridge, ''Rhizothera dulitensis
Hartlaub's spurfowl, Pternistis hartlaubi
Mount Cameroon spurfowl, Pternistis camerunensis
Handsome spurfowl, Pternistis nobilis
Swierstra's spurfowl, Pternistis swierstrai
Erckel's spurfowl, Pternistis erckelii
Djibouti spurfowl, Pternistis ochropectus
Chestnut-naped spurfowl, Pternistis castaneicollis
Black-fronted spurfowl, Pternistis atrifrons
Jackson's spurfowl, Pternistis jacksoni
Scaly spurfowl, Pternistis squamatus
Ahanta spurfowl, Pternistis ahantensis
Grey-striped spurfowl, Pternistis griseostriatus
Hildebrandt's spurfowl, Pternistis hildebrandti
Natal spurfowl, Pternistis natalensis
Red-billed spurfowl, Pternistis adspersus
Cape spurfowl, Pternistis capensis
Heuglin's spurfowl, Pternistis icterorhynchus
Double-spurred spurfowl, Pternistis bicalcaratus
Harwood's spurfowl, Pternistis harwoodi
Clapperton's spurfowl, Pternistis clappertoni
Yellow-necked spurfowl, Pternistis leucoscepus
Swainson's spurfowl, Pternistis swainsonii
Grey-breasted spurfowl, Pternistis rufopictus
Red-necked spurfowl, Pternistis afer
Crested partridge, Rollulus rouloul
Ring-necked francolin, Scleroptila streptophora
Grey-winged francolin, Scleroptila afra
Red-winged francolin, Scleroptila levaillantii
Finsch's francolin, Scleroptila finschi
Shelley's francolin, Scleroptila shelleyi
Moorland francolin, Scleroptila psilolaema
Orange River francolin, Scleroptila levaillantoides
Brown quail, Synoicus ypsilophorus
Snow Mountain quail, Synoicus monorthonyx
King quail, Synoicus chinensis
Blue quail, Synoicus adansonii
Caucasian snowcock, Tetraogallus caucasicus
Caspian snowcock, Tetraogallus caspius
Himalayan snowcock, Tetraogallus himalayensis
Tibetan snowcock, Tetraogallus tibetanus
Altai snowcock, Tetraogallus altaicus
Verreaux's monal-partridge, Tetraophasis obscurus
Szechenyi's monal-partridge, Tetraophasis szechenyii
Green-legged partridge, Tropicoperdix chloropus
Chestnut-necklaced partridge, Tropicoperdix charltonii
Rubeho forest partridge, Xenoperdix obscuratus
Udzungwa forest partridge, Xenoperdix udzungwensis


Johnsgard, P. A. (1988). The Quails, Partridges, and Francolins of the World. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Johnsgard, P. A. (1986). The Pheasants of the World. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Kimball, R. T.; Braun, E. L.; Zwartjes, P. W.; Crowe, T. M.; Ligon, J. D. (1999). "A molecular phylogeny of the pheasants and partridges suggests that these lineages are not monophyletic". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 11 (1): 38–54. doi:10.1006/mpev.1998.0562. PMID 10082609.
Kimball, Rebecca T.; Braun, Edward L. (2014). "Does more sequence data improve estimates of galliform phylogeny? Analyses of a rapid radiation using a complete data matrix". PeerJ. 2: e361. doi:10.7717/peerj.361. PMC 4006227. PMID 24795852.
"Taxonomic Updates – IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2021-07-15.

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