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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Cladus: Avemetatarsalia
Cladus: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauriformes
Cladus: Dracohors
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Subordo: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Cladus: Averostra
Cladus: Tetanurae
Cladus: Avetheropoda
Cladus: Coelurosauria
Cladus: Tyrannoraptora
Cladus: Maniraptoromorpha
Cladus: Maniraptoriformes
Cladus: Maniraptora
Cladus: Pennaraptora
Cladus: Paraves
Cladus: Eumaniraptora
Cladus: Avialae
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Neoaves
Cladus: Telluraves
Cladus: Australaves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Tyranni
Infraordo: Tyrannides
Parvordo: Thamnophilida

Familia: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Sakesphorus
Species: S. canadensis – S. luctuosus

Moved to Sakesphoroides: S. cristatus


Sakesphorus Chubb, 1918

Typus: Lanius canadensis Linnaeus, 1766 = Sakesphorus canadensis


Hypolophus Cabanis & Heine Sr., 1859 Mus.Hein. p. 16
Sakesphoroides Grantsau, 2010
Sakesphores [variation]​
Saskephorus [variation]

Primary references

Chubb, C. 1918. Descriptions of new Genera and a new Subspecies of South American Birds. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (9)2 no.7: 122–124. BHL Reference page. Original description p. 123 BHL

Additional references

Lopes, L.E.; Gonzaga, L.P. 2012. Clinal pattern of morphological variation in Sakesphorus luctuosus (Lichtenstein, 1823), with comments on the enigmatic Sakesphorus hagmanni Miranda-Ribeiro, 1927 (Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae). Zootaxa 3569: 41–54. Preview Full article viewReference page. 
Brumfield, R. T. & Edwards, S.V. (2007). Evolution into and out of the Andes: A Bayesian analysis of historical diversification in Thamnophilus antshrikes. Evolution 61: 346–361. DOI: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2007.00039.x Full article viewReference page. 
Bravo, G.A., Whitney, B.M., Belmonte-Lopes, R., Borschein, M.R., Aristizábal, N., Beco, R., Battilana, J., Naka, L.N., Aleixo, A., Pie, M.R., Silveira, L.F., Derryberry, E.P. & Brumfield, R.T. 2021. Phylogenomic analyses reveal non-monophyly of the antbird genera Herpsilochmus and Sakesphorus (Thamnophilidae), with description of a new genus for Herpsilochmus sellowi. Ornithology 138(3): 1–16 DOI: 10.1093/ornithology/ukab025 Open access Reference page. 

Vernacular names
English: Antshrikes
español: Batarás
suomi: Sointumuurat
português: Chocas

Sakesphorus is a genus of passerine birds in the antbird family, Thamnophilidae.

The genus Sakesphorus was erected by the British ornithologist Charles Chubb in 1918 with the black-crested antshrike as the type species.[1] The name of genus is from the Ancient Greek sakesphoros "shield-bearing", from sakos "shield" and -phoros "-bearing".[2]

The genus contains the following species:[3]

Black-crested antshrike (Sakesphorus canadensis)
Glossy antshrike (Sakesphorus luctuosus)


Chubb, Charles (1918). "Descriptions of new genera and a new subspecies of South American birds". Annals and Magazine of Natural History. series 9. 2: 122-124 [123].
Jobling, J.A. (2018). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E. (eds.). "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 1 July 2018.

Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Antbirds". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 4 February 2018.

Brumfield, R.T.; Edwards, S.V. (2007). "Evolution into and out of the Andes: a Bayesian analysis of historical diversification in Thamnophilus antshrikes". Evolution. 61: 346–367. doi:10.1111/j.1558-5646.2007.00039.x.

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