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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Cladus: Galloanseres
Ordo: Galliformes

Familia: Phasianidae
Subfamilia: Phasianinae
Genus: Tragopan
Species: T. blythii - T. caboti - T. melanocephalus - T. satyra - T. temminckii


Tragopan Cuvier, 1829

RegneAnim.nouv. ed. 1 p. 479
Vernacular names
English: horned pheasants

Tragopan is a bird genus in the pheasant family Phasianidae. Member of the genus are commonly called "horned pheasants" because males have two brightly colored, fleshy horns on their head that can be erected during courtship displays. The habit of tragopans to nest in trees is unique among phasianids.[1]

The genus Tragopan was introduced by the French naturalist Georges Cuvier in 1829 for the satyr tragopan.[2] The name tragopan is a mythical horned purple-headed bird mentioned by the Roman authors Pliny and Pomponius Mela.[3]

The genus contains five species.[4]

Image Name Common name Distribution
Tragopan melanocephalus Western tragopan Kohistan, Kaghan valley, Kishtwar, Chamba, Kullu and an area east of the Satluj river, Pakistan
Satyr Tragopan.jpg Tragopan satyra Satyr tragopan India, Tibet, Nepal and Bhutan.
Temminck Tragopan.jpg Tragopan temminckii Temminck's tragopan northern Myanmar to northwestern Tonkin.
Tragopan blythii01.jpg Tragopan blythii Blyth's tragopan Bhutan through northeast India, north Myanmar to southeast Tibet, and also China.
Tragopan caboti.JPG Tragopan caboti Cabot's tragopan provinces of Fujian, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, and Guangdong, China


Madge, S.; McGowan, P. (2002). "Genus Tragopan: tragopans (horned pheasants)". Pheasants, partridges and grouse: including buttonquails, sandgrouse and allies. London: Christopher Helm Publishers. pp. 280−286. ISBN 978-0-7136-3966-7.
Cuvier, Georges (1829). Le Règne animal distribué d'après son organisation : pour servir de base a l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée. Nouvel Édition, Revue et Augmentée (in French). Volume 1. Paris: Déterville. p. 479.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 389. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2021). "Pheasants, partridges, francolins". IOC World Bird List Version 11.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 11 October 2021.

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