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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Cladus: Euavialae
Cladus: Avebrevicauda
Cladus: Pygostylia
Cladus: Ornithothoraces
Cladus: Euornithes
Cladus: Ornithuromorpha
Cladus: Ornithurae
Cladus: Carinatae
Parvclassis: Neornithes
Cohors: Neognathae
Ordo: Apodiformes

Familia: Trochilidae
Subfamilia: Trochilinae
Genus: Urosticte
Species: U. benjamini - U. ruficrissa

Urosticte Gould, 1853

Typus: Trochilus benjamini Bourcier, 1851 = Urosticte benjamini


Gould, J. 1849–1861. A monograph of the Trochilidæ, or family of humming-birds. Taylor & Francis, London. 3: pl. 117–203 DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.51056 BHL Reference page. First availability pt.6 pl.3, text. Print 1861 pl. 190 BHL

The whitetips are a small group of hummingbirds in the genus Urosticte, which are restricted to humid forests growing on Andean slopes in north-western South America. Their common name, whitetips, refers to the conspicuous white tips on the central rectrices of the males. As the central rectrices are shorter than the outer, it appears as a large white spot on the central uppertail. Females, which have green-spotted white underparts, lack the white tips to the central rectrices, but instead have broad tips to the outer rectrices (white "tail-corners").

In this genus, the taxon intermedia has been considered a distinct species, or alternatively an intermediate between U. benjamini and U. ruficrissa, leading to these being considered conspecific. At present, intermedia is considered a variant and junior synonym of ruficrissa, resulting in two monotypic species being recognized:

The genus contains two species.[1]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Purple-bibbed Whitetip (Urosticte benjamini).jpg Urosticte benjamini Purple-bibbed whitetip Colombia and Ecuador
Urosticte ruficrissa (edited).jpg Urosticte ruficrissa Rufous-vented whitetip Colombia, Ecuador and Peru.


Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Hummingbirds". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 January 2020.

Split Urosticte ruficrissa from U. benjamini (and not recognize U. "intermedia") - South American Check-list Committee.

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