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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Elapoidea

Familia: Atractaspididae
Subfamilia: Aparallactinae
Genus: Amblyodipsas
Species: A. concolor – A. dimidiata – A. katangensis – A. microphthalma – A. polylepis – A. rodhaini – A. teitana – A. unicolor – A. ventrimaculata –

Vernacular names
English: Purple Glossed Snakes

Amblyodipsas is a genus of snakes found in Africa. Currently, 9 species are recognized.[1][2] These snakes are often known as purple-glossed snakes or glossy snakes. Although rear-fanged, all species are considered harmless, but their venom has not been well studied. They should not be confused with the glossy snakes of the genus Arizona, which are found in North America.[3]


Maxillary very short, with five teeth gradually increasing in size and followed, after an interspace, by a large grooved fang situated below the eye. Mandibular teeth decreasing in size posteriorly. Head small, not distinct from neck; eye minute, with round pupil; nostril in a single very small nasal; no internasals; no loreal; no preocular; no anterior temporal. Body cylindrical. Dorsal scales smooth, without pits. Tail very short, obtuse. Subcaudals in two rows.[4]
Genus Amblyodipsas -- 10 species

Species[1][2] Taxon author[1][2] Subspecies*[2] Common name[1] Geographic range[1]
A. concolor (A. Smith, 1849) ———— Natal purple-glossed snake Republic of South Africa, Eswatini.
A. dimidiata (Günther, 1888) ———— Mpwapwa purple-glossed snake North Tanzania.
A. katangensis de Witte & Laurent, 1942 ionidesi Katanga purple-glossed snake Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia.
A. microphthalmaT (Bianconi, 1852) ———— eastern purple-glossed snake Mozambique, Republic of South Africa.
A. polylepis (Bocage, 1873) hildebrandtii common purple-glossed snake Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Republic of South Africa, Tanzania, coastal Kenya, Somalia.
A. rodhaini (de Witte, 1930) ———— Rodhain's purple-glossed snake Democratic Republic of the Congo.
A. teitana Broadley, 1971 ———— Teitana purple-glossed snake Kenya
A. unicolor (J.T. Reinhardt, 1843) ———— western purple-glossed snake Central African Republic, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gambia, Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Niger, Chad.
A. ventrimaculata (Roux, 1907) ———— Kalahari purple-glossed snake Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Zambia.

*) Not including the nominate subspecies. T) Type species.
See also



Amblyodipsas at the Reptile Database. Accessed 19 October 2018.
."Amblyodipsas". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 5 September 2007.
Smith, H.M., and E.D. Brodie Jr. (1982). Reptiles of North America: A Guide to Field Identification. New York: Golden Press. 240 pp. ISBN 0-307-13666-3. ("GLOSSY SNAKES—genus Arizona", pp. 182–183).

Boulenger, G.A. (1896). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ and Proteroglyphæ) .... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I-XXV. (Genus Amblyodipsas, p. 244).

Further reading

Media related to Amblyodipsas at Wikimedia Commons
Branch, Bill (2004). Field Guide to Snakes and other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Third Revised edition, Second impression. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 399 pp. (Genus Amblyodipsas, p. 65).
Peters, W. (1857). "Über Amblyodipsas eine neue Schlangengattung aus Mossambique ". Monatsberichte der Königlichen Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1856: 592-595. (Amblyodipsas, new genus). (in German and Latin).


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