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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Superfamilia: Booidea

Familia: Boidae
Subfamilia: Boinae
Genera: Boa - Candoia - ChilabothrusCorallus - Epicrates - Eunectes - †Titanoboa


Boinae Gray, 1825
Vernacular names
Deutsch: Boas, Boaschlangen
English: True Boas
hrvatski: Udavke
日本語: ボア亜科
македонски: Удави
русский: Удавы
ไทย: งูโบอา
中文: 蚺亞科

The Boinae are a subfamily of boas found in Central and South America as well as the West Indies.[1] Six genera are currently recognized.[2]

Subfamily Boinae -- 5 genera

Genus[2] Taxon author[2] Species[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name[2] Geographic range[1]
BoaT Linnaeus, 1758 2 9 Boa constrictors Mexico, Central America and South America
Chilabothrus Duméril & Bibron, 1844 13 Greater Antillean boas the West Indies
Corallus Daudin, 1803 9 2 Neotropical tree boas Central America, South America and the West Indies: In Central America, they occur in Honduras, eastern Guatemala through Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. Its range in South America includes Pacific Colombia and Ecuador, as well as the Amazon Basin from Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and northern Bolivia through Brazil to Venezuela, Isla Margarita, Trinidad, Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. In the West Indies, it is found on St. Vincent, the Grenadines (Bequia Island, Ile Quatre, Baliceaux, Mustique, Canouan, Maryeau, Union Island, Petit Martinique and Carriacou), Grenada, and the Windward Islands (Lesser Antilles).

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type genus.[1]

The genera Acrantophis and Sanzinia were erroneously synonymized with the genus Boa by Kluge in 1991.[3] These have now been transferred to the resurrected subfamily Sanziniinae.[4][5] The genus Candoia has similarly been transferred to its own subfamily, Candoiinae.[5]
See also

List of boine species and subspecies


McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
"Boinae". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 8 July 2008.
Kluge, A.G. (1991). "Boine Snake Phylogeny and Research Cycles". Miscellaneous Publications of the Museum of Zoology, Univ. Of Michigan. 178.
Reynolds, R.G.; Niemiller, M.L.; Revell, L.J. (2014). "Toward a Tree-of-Life for the boas and pythons: Multilocus species-level phylogeny with unprecedented taxon sampling". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 71: 201–213. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.11.011. PMID 24315866.

Pyron, R.A.; Burbrink, F.T.; Wiens, J.J. (2013). "A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes". BMC Evolutionary Biology. 13 (1): 1–53. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-13-93. PMC 3682911. PMID 23627680.

Further reading

Kluge AG. 1991. Boine Snake Phylogeny and Research Cycles. Misc. Pub. Museum of Zoology, Univ. of Michigan No. 178. PDF at University of Michigan Library. Accessed 8 July 2008.


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