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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Elapoidea

Familia: Lamprophiidae
Genus: Bothrophthalmus
Species: Bothrophthalmus lineatus

Bothrophthalmus lineatus Peters, 1863

Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Bothrophthalmus lineatus. The Reptile Database. Accessed on 8 February 2020.

Vernacular names
Deutsch: gestreifte Augengrubennatter
English: Red-Black Striped Snake
русский: красно-чёрная полосатая змея

The red-black striped snake (Bothrophthalmus lineatus) is the monotypical member of the genus Bothrophthalmus. This snake is found in the Sub-Saharan African countries of Rwanda, Uganda, Burundi, Angola and Guinea. It is a harmless snake, black with five red stripes down its back. It lives in forests and forest islands from 700 to 2300 m altitude, often near water. A terrestrial and nocturnal snake, when not active, it hides in holes, leaf litter, and in or under rotting logs. It may bite furiously if handled (although it is harmless). Females lay clutches of about five eggs; it eats small forest animals such as shrews and mice.[1]

The two recognized subspecies are:

Bothrophthalmus lineatus brunneus (Günther, 1863)
Bothrophthalmus lineatus lineatus (Peters, 1863)


Spawls, Stephen (2004) [2002]. A Field Guide to the Reptiles of East Africa. London: A & C Black. pp. 315–316.


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