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Chitra chitra

Chitra chitra, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Cladus: Archelosauria
Division: Pan-Testudines
Division: Testudinata
Ordo: Testudines
Subordo: Cryptodira
Superfamilia: Trionychoidea

Familia: Trionychidae
Subfamilia: Trionychinae
Genus: Chitra
Species: Chitra chitra
Subspecies: C. c. chitra – C. c. javanensis

Chitra chitra Nutphand, 1986
Vernacular names
čeština: Kožnatka úzkohlavá
English: Asian narrow-headed softshell turtle, Southeast asian (Striped) narrow-headed softshell turtle
日本語: タイコガシラスッポン
ไทย: ตะพาบม่านลาย

IUCN: Chitra chitra Nutphand, 1986 (Critically Endangered)

The Asian narrow-headed softshell turtle (Chitra chitra) is a large species of softshell turtle in the family Trionychidae. The species is endemic to Southeast Asia.

Common names

Chitra chitra, is also known commonly as Nutaphand's narrowhead softshell.[3]

C. chitra can reach a straight carapace length of 4.9 ft (1.5 m).[citation needed]
Geographic range

C. chitra is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand.[4]

C. chitra inhabits freshwater rivers and their tributaries.[4]

C. chitra is oviparous.[4] Nutaphand (1986) reported that a large female laid over 100 eggs.

Two subspecies are recognized as being valid, including the nominotypical subspecies.[4]

Chitra chitra chitra Nutaphand, 1986 – Malaysia, Thailand
Chitra chitra javanensis McCord & Pritchard, 2003 – Java, Sumatra


Cota, M.; Guntoro, J.; As-singkily, M.; Hamidy, A.; Kusrini, M.D. (2019). "Chitra chitra". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T4695A152049778. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-1.RLTS.T4695A152049778.en. Retrieved 15 November 2021.
Fritz, Uwe; Havaš, Peter (2007). "Checklist of Chelonians of the World" (PDF). Vertebrate Zoology. 57 (2): 311–312. ISSN 1864-5755. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-17. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Nutaphand's Narrowhead Softshell Chitra chitra ", p. 192).

Species Chitra chitra at The Reptile Database .

Further reading

Nutaphand, Wirot (1986). "[Manlai, the world's largest soft-shelled turtle]" [Thai Zoological Magazine] 1 (4): [64-70]. (Chira chitra, new species). (in Thai).

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