Fine Art

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Cladus: Archelosauria
Division: Pan-Testudines
Division: Testudinata
Ordo: Testudines
Subordo: Cryptodira
Superfamilia: Testudinoidea

Familia: Emydidae
Subfamilia: Emydinae
Genus: Clemmys
Species: : C. guttata

Vernacular names
English: Spotted Turtle

Clemmys is a genus of turtles currently containing a single extant species, the spotted turtle (Clemmys guttata).

In the past, several other species were included in the genus, including a number of fossil species. DNA analysis has restricted the genus to containing only the spotted turtle.[1][2] Fossil species are now restricted to the Neogene of North America as far back as the Miocene.[3]

Extant species formerly in Clemmys

Wood turtle - now Glyptemys insculpta
Bog turtle - now Glyptemys muhlenbergii
Western pond turtle - now Actinemys marmorata

Fossil species

†Clemmys hesperia Hay, 1903 - Pliocene
†Clemmys owyheensis Brattstrom & Sturn, 1959 - Miocene (Hemphillian)


Feldman, C.R. and J.F. Parham. (2002). Molecular phylogenetics of Emydine turtles: taxonomic revision and the evolution of shell kinesis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 22:388-398.
Spinks, P.Q. and H.B. Shaffer. (2009). Conflicting Mitochondrial and Nuclear Phylogenies for the Widely Disjunct Emys (Testudines: Emydidae) Species Complex, and What They Tell Us about Biogeography and Hybridization. Systematic Biology 58(1):1-20.
Holman, J.A.; Fritz, U. (2001). "A new emydine species from the Medial Miocene (Barstovian) of Nebraska, USA with a new generic arrangement for the species of Clemmys sensu McDowell (1964) (Reptilia: Testudines: Emydidae)". Vertebrate Zoology. 51 (19): 331–353.

Biology Encyclopedia

Reptiles Images

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World