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Corallus ruschenbergerii

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Superfamilia: Booidea

Familia: Boidae
Subfamilia: Boinae
Genus: Corallus
Species: Corallus ruschenbergerii

Corallus ruschenbergerii (Cope, 1876)

Type locality: "Panama".

Holotype: ANSP 10325

Xiphosoma ruschenbergerii Cope 1876: 129
Xiphosoma ruschenbergii — Boulenger 1893: 99 (in error)
Corallus cookei var. ruschenbergi — Boettger 1898: 10 (in error)
Boa ruschenbergii - Stejneger 1902: 184 (in errore)
Boa salmonidia Briceño Rossi 1934: 1141


Cope, E.D. 1876. On the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica with notes on the herpetology and ichthyology of Nicaragua and Peru. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia N.S. (2) 8: 93–154 [1875].
Henderson, R. W. 2002. Neotropical Treeboas. Krieger Publ. Company, Malabar, 198 pp.
McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
Corallus ruschenbergerii at the New Reptile Database. Accessed on 9 Mar 2008.

Vernacular names
English: Central American Tree Boa, False Manapare, Dormilona

Corallus ruschenbergerii is a nonvenomous boa species found in lower Central America and northern South America. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3][4]


The specific name, ruschenbergerii, is in honor of William Ruschenberger, who was a United States Navy surgeon.[5]

Corallus ruschenbergerii is one of the largest members of the genus Corallus with adults reaching up to 2 metres (6 ft 7 in) in total length (including tail). The colors are typically shades of yellow, brown or gray, although populations on Trinidad and Tobago are often a patternless pure bronze.[6]
Geographic range

Corallus ruschenbergerii is found in Lower Central America in southwestern Costa Rica (south of 10° N) and Panama, including Isla del Rey, Isla Contadora, Isla de Cébaco and Isla Suscantupu. In South America it occurs in Colombia east of the Andes, north of the Cordillera Central and north of the Cordillera Oriental, northern Venezuela north of the Cordillera de Mérida and in the drainage of the Río Orinoco, north and west of the Guiana Shield, east of the Orinoco Delta. It is also found on Isla Margarita, Trinidad and Tobago. The type locality given is "Panama".[2][3]

Corallus ruschenbergerii is a relatively common species found in wide range of habitats from near sea level to about 1,000 m (3,300 ft) above sea level: mangroves, riparian forests, wet and dry lowland forests, tree-lined savanna, and palm groves. It is nocturnal.[1]

The primary diet of C. ruschenbergerii consists of rodents and other small mammals, as well as lizards, frogs,[7] birds and bats.[6]

Still fairly rare in captivity, C. ruschenbergerii is only recently becoming more common in the United States.[6]

Acosta Chaves, V.; et al. (2016). "Corallus ruschenbergerii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T203211A2762201. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T203211A2762201.en.
McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré TA (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
Corallus ruschenbergerii at the Reptile Database. Accessed 23 February 2017.
"Corallus ruschenbergerii ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 14 July 2008.
Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Corallus ruschenbergerii, p. 229).
Stafford PJ, Henderson RW (1996). Kaleidoscopic Tree Boas: The Genus Corallus of Tropical America. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 120 pp. ISBN 0-89464-975-2.

Further reading

Cope ED (1875). "On the Batrachia and Reptilia of Costa Rica". J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, Second Series 8: 93-154. (Xiphosoma ruschenbergerii, new species, p. 129).
Henderson RW (1997). "A Taxonomic Review of the Corallus hortulanus Complex of Neotropical Tree Boas". Caribbean J. Sci. 33 (3-4): 198-221.


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