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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Dipsadidae
Subfamiliae (3): Carphophiinae – DipsadinaeXenodontinae

Genera incertae sedis (9 + †3): Cercophis – Diadophis – †Dryinoides – Enuliophis – Enulius – Farancia – Heterodon – Lioheterophis – †Paleofarancia – †Paleoheterodon – Stichophanes – Thermophis

Dipsadidae Bonaparte, 1838
Primary references

Bonaparte, C.L. 1838. Synopsis vertebratorum systematis. Amphibiorum Tabula Analytica. Nuovi Annali delle Scienze Naturali 1: 391–397.

Additional references

Vidal, N., Delmas, A.-S., David, P., Cruaud, C., Couloux, A. & Hedges, S.B. 2007. The phylogeny and classification of caenophidian snakes inferred from seven nuclear protein-coding genes. Comptes Rendus Biologies 330(2): 182–187. DOI: 10.1016/j.crvi.2006.10.001 Full article (PDF). Reference page.
Zaher, H., Grazziotin, F.G., Cadle, J.E., Murphy, R.W., Moura-Leite, J.C. & Bonatto, S.L. 2009. Molecular phylogeny of advanced snakes (Serpentes, Caenophidia) with an emphasis on South American xenodontines: a revised classification and descriptions of new taxa. Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia 49(11): 115–153. DOI: 10.1590/S0031-10492009001100001 Open access Reference page.
Pyron, R.A., Burbrink, F.T., Colli, G.R., Nieto-Montes de Oca, A., Vitt, L.J., Kuczynski, C.A. & Wiens, J.J. 2011. The phylogeny of advanced snakes (Colubroidea), with discovery of a new subfamily and comparison of support methods for likelihood trees. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58(2): 329–342. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.11.006 Reference page.
Grazziotin, F.G., Zaher, H., Murphy, R.W., Scrocchi, G., Altamirano-Benevides, M.A., Zhang, Y.-P. & Bonatto, S.L. 2012. Molecular phylogeny of the New World Dipsadidae (Serpentes: Colubroidea): a reappraisal. Cladistics 28(5): 437–459. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00393.x Paywall Reference page.
Pyron, R.A., Burbrink, F.T. & Wiens, J.J. 2013. A phylogeny and revised classification of Squamata, including 4161 species of lizards and snakes. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13:93. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-93 Open access Reference page.
Figueiroa, A., McKelvy, A.D., Grismer, L.L., Bell, C.D. & Lailvaux, S.P. 2016. A Species-Level Phylogeny of Extant Snakes with Description of a New Colubrid Subfamily and Genus. PLoS ONE 11(9): e0161070. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0161070 Open access Reference page.
Pyron, R.A., Arteaga, A., Echevarría, L.Y. & Torres-Carvajal, O. 2016. A revision and key for the tribe Diaphorolepidini (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) and checklist for the genus Synophis. Zootaxa 4171(2): 293–320. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4171.2.4. Reference page.
Zaher, H., Murphy, R.W., Arredondo, J.C., Graboski, R., Machado-Filho, P.R., Mahlow, K., Montingelli, G.G., Quadros, A.B., Orlov, N.L., Wilkinson, M., Zhang, Y.-P. & Grazziotin, F.G. 2019. Large-scale molecular phylogeny, morphology, divergence-time estimation, and the fossil record of advanced caenophidian snakes (Squamata: Serpentes). PLoS ONE 14(5): e0216148. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0216148 Open access Reference page.


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