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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata Episquamata

Subordo: Lacertoidea
Superfamilia: Gymnophthalmoidea

Familia: Gymnophthalmidae
Subfamilia: Gymnophthalminae
Tribus: Gymnophthalmini
Genus: Gymnophthalmus
Species: G. cryptus – G. leucomystax – G. lineatus – G. pleii – G. speciosus – G. underwoodi – G. vanzoi
Gymnophthalmus (Merrem, 1820)

Gymnophthalmus is genus of lizards in the family Gymnophthalmidae. The genus is native to Mexico, Central America, and the northern part of South America. Eight species are recognized as being valid.[1]


The genus Gymnophthalmus contains the following species.[1]

Gymnophthalmus cryptus Hoogmoed, Cole & Ayarzagüena, 1992 – cryptic spectacled tegu
Gymnophthalmus leucomystax Vanzolini & Carvalho, 1991 – white spectacled tegu
Gymnophthalmus lineatus Linnaeus, 1758
Gymnophthalmus marconaterai García-Pérez & Schargel, 2017
Gymnophthalmus pleii Bocourt, 1881 – Martinique spectacled tegu, rough-scaled worm lizard
Gymnophthalmus speciosus Hallowell, 1861 – golden spectacled tegu
Gymnophthalmus underwoodi Grant, 1958 – Underwood's spectacled tegu
Gymnophthalmus vanzoi Carvalho, 1999


Genus Gymnophthalmus at The Reptile Database.

Further reading

Boulenger GA (1885). Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Second Edition. Volume II. ... Teiidæ .... London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiii + 497 pp. + Plates I-XXIV. (Genus Gymnophthalmus, p. 427).
Merrem B (1820). Versuchs eines Systems der Amphibien: Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum. Marburg: J.C. Krieger. xv + 191 pp. + one plate. (Gymnophthalmus, new genus, p. 74). (in German and Latin).

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