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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Colubridae
Subfamilia: Natricinae
Genus: Hebius
Species (44): H. andreae – H. annamensis – H. arquus – H. atemporale – H. beddomei – H. bitaeniatum – H. boulengeri – H. celebicum – H. chapaensis – H. clerki – H. concelarum – H. craspedogaster – H. deschauenseei – H. flavifrons – H. frenatum – H. groundwateri – H. inas – H. ishigakiense – H. johannis – H. kerinciense – H. khasiense – H. lacrima – H. leucomystax – H. metusium – H. miyajimae – H. modestum – H. monticola – H. nicobariense – H. octolineatum – H. optatum – H. parallelum – H. petersii – H. popei – H. pryeri – H. sanguineum – H. sangzhiensis – H. sarasinorum – H. sarawacense – H. sauteri – H. taronense – H. venningi – H. vibakari – H. viperinum – H. yanbianensis

Hebius Thompson, 1913: 424

Type species: Tropidonotus vibakari Boie, 1826, by monotypy.


Parahelicops Bourret, 1934: 170 [synonymised by Kizirian, Nguyen, Ngo & Le (2018: 5)]
Type species: Parahelicops annamensis Bourret, 1934, by monotypy.
Pararhabdophis Bourret, 1934: 131 [synonymised by Kizirian, Nguyen, Ngo & Le (2018: 5) and Ren et al. (2018: 40)]
Type species: Pararhabdophis chapaensis Bourret, 1934, by monotypy.

Primary references

Thompson, J.C. 1913. Contributions to the anatomy of the Ophidia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1913: 414–426. BHL
Bourret, R.-L. 1934. Notes herpétologiques sur l’Indochine française. I. Ophidiens de Chapa. Bulletin Générale de l’Instruction Publique 14(7): 129–138.
Bourret, R.-L. 1934. Notes herpétologiques sur l’Indochine française. III. Ophidiens d’Annam et du moyen Laos. Bulletin Générale de l’Instruction Publique 14(9): 167–176.
Kizirian, D.A., Truong, N.Q., Ngo, H.T. & Le, M.D. 2018. Parahelicops, Pararhabdophis, Paraphyly: Phylogenetic Relationships among Certain Southeast Asian Natricine Snakes (Hebius). American Museum Novitates 3906: 1–7. hdl: 2246/6906 Reference page.
Ren, J.-L., Wang, K., Nguyen, T.T., Hoang, C.V., Zhong, G.-H., Jiang, K., Guo, P. & Li, J.-T. 2018. Taxonomic re-evaluation of the monotypic genus Pararhabdophis Bourret, 1934 (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) with discovery of its type species, P. chapaensis, from China. Zootaxa 4486(1): 31–56. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4486.1.2 Paywall. ResearchGate Open access. Reference page.

Additional references

David, P., Vogel, G. & van Rooijen, J. 2013. On some taxonomically confused species of the genus Amphiesma Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854 related to Amphiesma khasiense (Boulenger, 1890) (Squamata, Natricidae). Zootaxa 3694(4): 301–335. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3694.4.1 Reference page.
Guo, G., Zhu, F., Liu, Q., Zhang, L., Li, J.X., Huang, Y.Y. & Pyron, R.A. 2014. A taxonomic revision of the Asian keelback snakes, genus Amphiesma (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae), with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3873(4): 425–440. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3873.4.5 Reference page.
Liu, Q., Zhong, G.-H., Wang, P., Liu, Y. & Guo, P. 2018. A new species of the genus Hebius (Squamata: Colubridae) from Sichuan, China. Zootaxa 4483(2): 385–394. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4483.2.10. Reference page.
Purkayastha, J. & David, P. 2019. A new species of the snake genus Hebius Thompson from Northeast India (Squamata: Natricidae). Zootaxa 4555(1): 79–90. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4555.1.6. Reference page.
Zhou, Z.-Y., Sun, Z.-Y., Qi, S., Lu, Y.-Y., Lyu, Z.-T., Wang, Y.-Y., Li, P.-P. & Ma, J.-Z. 2019. A new species of the genus Hebius (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from Hunan Province, China. Zootaxa 4674(1): 68–82. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4674.1.3 Paywall Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2021. Hebius . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 5 August 2018.

Hebius is a genus of snakes in the family Colubridae.[1]

Geographic range

The genus Hebius is endemic to Asia.[2]

All of the member species of the genus Hebius were formerly placed in the genus Amphiesma, but in 2014 Guo et al. placed most species of Amphiesma in the genus Hebius. They placed other species in the genus Herpetoreas, leaving Amphiesma a monotypic taxon containing only the species Amphiesma stolatum.[2]

The following 44 species are recognized as being valid.[1]

Hebius andreae (Ziegler & Quyet, 2006)
Hebius annamensis Bourret, 1934
Hebius arquus (David & G. Vogel, 2010)
Hebius atemporalis (Bourret, 1934)
Hebius beddomei (Günther, 1864)
Hebius bitaeniatus (Wall, 1925)
Hebius boulengeri (Gressitt, 1937)
Hebius celebicus (W. Peters & Doria, 1878)
Hebius chapaensis Bourret, 1934
Hebius clerki (Wall, 1925)
Hebius concelarus (Malnate, 1963)
Hebius craspedogaster (Boulenger, 1899)
Hebius deschauenseei (Taylor, 1934)
Hebius flavifrons (Boulenger, 1887)
Hebius frenatus (Dunn, 1923)
Hebius groundwateri (M.A. Smith, 1922)
Hebius igneus David, Vogel, Nguyen, Orlov, Pauwels, Teynie, & Ziegler, 2021
Hebius inas (Laidlaw, 1901)
Hebius ishigaiensis (Malnate &Munsterman, 1960)
Hebius johannis (Boulenger, 1908)
Hebius kerinciensis (David & Das, 2003)
Hebius khasiensis (Boulenger, 1890)
Hebius lacrima Purkayastha & David, 2019
Hebius leucomystax (David, Bain, Truong, Orlov, G. Vogel, Thanh & Ziegler, 2007)
Hebius metusia (Inger, Zhao, Shaffer & Wu, 1990)
Hebius miyajimae (Maki, 1931)
Hebius modestus (Günther, 1875)
Hebius monticola (Jerdon, 1853)
Hebius nicobariensis (Sclater, 1891)
Hebius nigriventer (Wall, 1925)
Hebius octolineatus (Boulenger, 1904)
Hebius optatus (Hu & Zhao, 1966)
Hebius parallelum (Boulenger, 1890)
Hebius petersii (Boulenger, 1893)
Hebius popei (Schmidt, 1925)
Hebius pryeri (Boulenger, 1887)
Hebius sangzhiensis Zhou et al., 2019[3]
Hebius sanguineus (Smedley, 1931)
Hebius sarasinorum (Boulenger, 1896)
Hebius sarawacensis (Günther, 1872)
Hebius sauteri (Boulenger, 1909)
Hebius taronensis (M.A. Smith, 1940)
Hebius venningi (Wall, 1910)
Hebius vibakari (H. Boie, 1826)
Hebius viperinus (Schenkel, 1901)
Hebius yanbianensis (Liu, 2018)

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Hebius.

Genus Hebius at The Reptile Database.
Guo et al.

Zhou, Z.; Sun, Z.; Qi, S.; Lu, Y.; Lyu, Z.; Wang, Y.; Li, P.; Ma, J. (2019). "A new species of the genus Hebius (Squamata: Colubridae: Natricinae) from Hunan Province, China". Zootaxa. 4674 (1): 68–82. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4674.1.3.

Further reading

Guo, Peng; Zhu, Fei; Liu, Qin; Zhang, Liang; Li, Jian X.; Huang, Yu Y.; Pyron, R. Alexander (2014). "A taxonomic revision of the Asian keelback snakes, genus Amphiesma (Serpentes: Colubridae: Natricinae), with description of a new species". Zootaxa 3873 (4): 425–440.
Thompson JC (1913). "Contributions to the Anatomy of the Ophidia". Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1913: 414–425. (Hebius, new genus, p. 424).

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