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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Dipsadidae
Subfamilia: Dipsadinae
Genus: Leptodeira
Species: L. annulataL. bakeriL. frenataL. maculataL. nigrofasciata – L. polysticta – L. punctata – L. rubricata – L. septentrionalis – L. splendida

Leptodeira Fitzinger, 1843

Fitzinger, L. (1843) Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller & Seidel, Wien, p. 1-106.

Vernacular names
English: Cat-eyed Snakes

Leptodeira is a genus of colubrid snakes commonly referred to as cat-eyed snakes. The genus consists of 16 species that are native to primarily Mexico and Central America, but range as far north as the southern tip of Texas in United States and as far south as Argentina in South America.

Species and subspecies

The following species and subspecies are recognized as being valid.[2][3]

  • Leptodeira annulata (Linnaeus, 1758) – banded cat-eyed snake
    • Leptodeira annulata annulata (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Leptodeira annulata pulchriceps Duellman, 1958
  • Leptodeira ashmeadii (Hallowell, 1845)
  • Leptodeira bakeri Ruthven, 1936 – Baker's cat-eyed snake[4]
  • Leptodeira frenata (Cope, 1886) – rainforest cat-eyed snake
    • Leptodeira frenata frenata (Cope, 1886)
    • Leptodeira frenata malleisi Dunn & L. Stuart, 1935
    • Leptodeira frenata yucatanensis (Cope, 1887)
  • Leptodeira larcorum Schmidt & Walker, 1943
  • Leptodeira maculata (Hallowell, 1861) – southwestern cat-eyed snake
  • Leptodeira misinawui Torres-Carvajal, Sánchez-Nivicela, Posse, Celi & Koch, 2020
  • Leptodeira nigrofasciata Günther, 1868 – black-banded cat-eyed snake
  • Leptodeira ornata (Bocourt, 1884)
  • Leptodeira polysticta (Günther, 1895)
  • Leptodeira punctata (W. Peters, 1866) – western cat-eyed snake
  • Leptodeira rhombifera (Günther, 1872)
  • Leptodeira rubricata (Cope, 1893) – Costa Rican cat-eyed snake
  • Leptodeira septentrionalis Kennicott, 1859 – northern cat-eyed snake
  • Leptodeira splendida (Günther, 1895) – splendid cat-eyed snake
    • Leptodeira splendida bressoni Taylor, 1938
    • Leptodeira splendida ephippiata H.M. Smith & W. Tanner, 1944
    • Leptodeira splendida splendida (Günther, 1895)
  • Leptodeira uribei Bautista & H.M. Smith, 1992

Nota bene: In the above list, a binomial authority or trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species or subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Leptodeira.

Wright AH, Wright AA (1957). Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Ithaca and London: Comstock. 1,105 pp. (in 2 volumes). (Genus Leptodeira, p. 415).
Genus Leptodeira at The Reptile Database.
Torres-Carvajal, Omar; Sánchez-Nivicela, Juan C.; Posse, Valentina; Celi, Elvis; Koch, Claudia (2020-12-16). "A new species of cat-eyed snake (Serpentes: Dipsadinae: Leptodeirini) from the Andes of southern Ecuador". Zootaxa. 4895 (3): 357–380. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4895.3.3. ISSN 1175-5334.

Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Leptodeira bakeri, p. 15).
External links

Genus Leptodeira at The Reptile Database

Further reading

Fitzinger L (1843). Systema Reptilium, Fasciculus Primus, Amblyglossae. Vienna: Braumüller & Seidel. 106 pp. + indices. (Leptodeira, new genus, p. 27). (in Latin).
Freiberg M (1982). Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Genus Leptodeira, pp. 75, 100–101, 133 + photograph on p. 55).


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