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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Colubridae
Subfamilia: Colubrinae
Genus: Lycodon
Species: Lycodon gammiei

Lycodon gammiei (Blanford, 1878)

Holotype: ZSI 8447.
Type locality: “Cinchona plantations, [South-Eastern] British Sikkim” [= Darjeeling].


Ophites gammiei Blanford, 1878: 130
Lycodon gammiei — Boulenger, 1890
Lycodon gammiei — Boulenger, 1893: 358
Dinodon gammiei — Wall, 1923
Dinodon gammiei — Smith, 1943: 271
Dinodon gammiei — Das, 1996: 56


Blanford, W.T. 1878. Notes on some Reptilia from the Himalayas and Burma. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal (2) xlvii: 125–131.
Wall, F. 1911. A popular treatise on the common Indian snakes (part 15). J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 20 (4): 933–953.
Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Lycodon gammiei. The Reptile Database. Accessed on 4 August 2020.

Vernacular names
English: Gammie's Wolf Snake, Sikkim False Wolf Snake

Lycodon gammiei, commonly known as Gammie's wolf snake, is a species of nonvenomous colubrid endemic to northern India.


The specific name, gammiei, is in honor of naturalist James Alexander Gammie (1839–1924), who managed a Cinchona plantation in Darjeeling from 1865 to 1897.[2]
Geographic range

In India Lycodon gammiei is found in the states of Arunachal Pradesh and Sikkim, and in Darjeeling district in the state of West Bengal.[1]

At first glance, Gammie's wolf snake resembles the venomous kraits. Its body is surrounded by alternating dark and light rings with irregular margins. Its head is dark olive, and there are light spots in the center of most head shields. It has an imperfect pale collar, and the underside of the head and neck are whitish. Adults are about 80 cm (32 inches) in total length (including tail).[3]

Lycodon gammiei at the Reptile Database. Accessed 17 June 2015.
Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Dinodon gammiei, p. 97).

Boulenger GA (1893). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume I., Containing the Families ... Colubridæ Aglyphæ, part. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xiii + 448 pp. + Plates I-XXVIII. (Lycodon gammiei, p. 358).

Further reading

Blanford WT (1878). "Notes on some Reptilia from the Himalayas and Burma". J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 47 (part 2): 125–131. (Ophites gammiei, new species, pp. 130–131). (in English and Latin).
Boulenger GA (1890). The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. London: Secretary of State for India in Council. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xviii + 541 pp. (Lycodon gammiei, new combination, p. 296).
Wall F (1923). "A Hand-list of the Snakes of the Indian Empire. Part 2". J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 29: 598–632. (Dinodon gammiei, new combination, p. 615).
Smith MA (1943). The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III.—Serpentes. London: Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers). xii + 583 pp. (Dinodon gammiei, p. 271).
Mistry, V. 2007. Rediscovery of the Sikkim False Wolf Snake. Hornbill (Jul-Sep): 18-19
Mistry, V.; Vogel, G. & Tillack, F. 2007. Rediscovery of Dinodon gammiei (BLANFORD 1878) (Serpentes, Colubridae), with description of its validity. Hamadryad 31 (2): 265-273
Agarwal I., Mistry V. K., Athreya R. 2010. A preliminary checklist of the reptiles of Eaglenest Wildlife Sanctuary, West Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh, India. Russian Journal of Herpetology 17 (2): 81 – 93
Athreya, R. 2006. Eaglenest Biodiversity Project (2003 – 2006): Conservation resources for Eaglenest wildlife sanctuary. Kaati Trust, Pune, 196 pp.


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