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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Dipsadidae
Subfamilia: Dipsadinae
Genus: Ninia
Species (11): N. atrata – N. celata – N. diademata – N. espinali – N. franciscoi – N. hudsoni – N. maculata – N. pavimentata – N. psephota – N. sebae – N. teresitae

Ninia Baird & Girard, 1853: 49

Type species: Ninia diademata Baird & Girard, 1853, by monotypy.

Primary references

Baird, S.F. & Girard, C. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.–Serpents. Smithsonian Institution: Washington. xvi + 172 pp. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Angarita-Sierra, T. 2017. A new species of Ninia (Serpentes: Dipsadidae) from Chocó-Magdalena biogeographical province, western Colombia. Zootaxa 4244(4): 478–492. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4244.4.2. Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2021. Ninia . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 23 June 2020.
Ninia – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Vernacular names
English: Coffee Snakes

Ninia is a genus of snakes, commonly referred to as coffee snakes, in the family Colubridae of the superfamily Colubroidea. The genus consists of 10 species that are native to Mexico, Central America, and the northern part of South America. Some species are also found on the Caribbean islands.[1]

There are currently 11 recognized species:[1][2]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Ninia atrata.jpg Ninia atrata (Hallowell, 1845) Hallowell's coffee snake southern Central America, Ecuador, Venezuela and Trinidad and Tobago
Ninia celata McCranie & Wilson, 1995 Costa Rica; Panama
Ninia diademata Baird & Girard, 1853 ringneck coffee snake, culebra de cafetal de collar Belize; Guatemala; Honduras; Mexico
Ninia espinali McCranie & Wilson, 1995 Espinal's coffee snake El Salvador; Honduras
Ninia franciscoi Angarita-Sierra, 2014 Trinidad
Ninia hudsoni Parker, 1940 Guiana coffee snake, Hudson's coffee snake Guiana, Ecuador (Amazonas), Peru (Pasco, Tambopata, Madre de Dios), Brazil (Rondônia), SW Colombia
Ninia maculata (W. Peters, 1861) spotted coffee snake Costa Rica; Honduras; Nicaragua; Panama
Ninia pavimentata (Bocourt, 1883) Guatemala
Ninia psephota (Cope, 1876) Cope's coffee snake Panama, Costa Rica
Ninia-sebae-fainting.jpg Ninia sebae (A.M.C. Duméril, Bibron & A.H.A. Duméril, 1854) redback coffee snake, culebra de cafetal espalda roja Mexico and Central America.
Ninia teresitae Angarita-Sierra & Lynch, 2017 Colombia; Ecuador

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Ninia.

"Ninia ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 3 January 2011.

Genus Ninia at The Reptile Database

Further reading

Baird SF, Girard C (1853). Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part I.—Serpents. Washington, District of Columbia: xvi + 172 pp. (Ninia, new genus, pp. 49–50).
Freiberg M (1982). Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Genus Ninia, p. 104).

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