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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Gekkota
Infraordo: Pygopodomorpha

Familia: Diplodactylidae
Genus: Oedura
Species (18): O. bella – O. castelnaui – O. coggeri – O. filicipoda – O. fimbria – O. gemmata – O. gracilis – O. jacovae – O. jowalbinna – O. lesueurii – O. marmorata – O. monilis – O. murrumanu – O. obscura – O. reticulata – O. rhombifer – O. robusta – O. tryoni

Oedura Gray, 1842

Bustard, H.R. 1967: Reproduction in the Australian gekkonid genus Oedura Gray 1842. Herpetologica, 23 (4): 276–284. JSTOR
Couper, P.J.; Keim, L.D.; Hoskin, C.J. 2007: A new velvet gecko (Gekkonidae: Oedura) from south-east Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa, 1587: 27–41. Abstract & excerpt
Hoskin, C.J.; Higgie, M. 2008: A new species of velvet gecko (Diplodactylidae: Oedura) from north-east Queensland, Australia. Zootaxa, 1788: 21–36. Abstract & excerpt
Oliver, P.M. & Doughty, P. 2016. Systematic revision of the marbled velvet geckos (Oedura marmorata species complex, Diplodactylidae) from the Australian arid and semi-arid zones. Zootaxa 4088(2): 151–176. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4088.2.1. Full article (PDF). Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: velvet geckos

Oedura is a genus of medium to large geckos, lizards in the family Diplodactylidae. The genus is endemic to Australia. Species in the genus are referred to by the common name velvet geckos.

Geographic range

Most of the species of Oedura occur in northern and eastern Australia, with further isolates in the arid zone (Pilbara, Central Ranges and Flinders Ranges).
Behaviour and habitat

Geckos of the genus Oedura are mostly arboreal and nocturnal, and have flattened bodies that are distinctly patterned. They are secretive tree or rock dwellers, usually concealing themselves beneath peeling bark or in cracks and crevices. A species found in the Kimberley region, Oedura filicipoda, is named for the plumose fringing on the toes that may assist in clinging to rocky overhangs.[2] All species are adapted to their dry conditions and can go for months without food or water.[citation needed]

The content of the genus Oedura has been reduced by Oliver et al. in 2012, when they transferred four species to the genus Amalosia and erected two new monotypic genera, Hesperoedura for Oedura reticulata and Nebulifera for Oedura robusta.[3]

The type species for the genus is Oedura marmorata, first described by John Edward Gray in 1842.[4] The following is a list of the 19 valid species:[5]

Oedura argentea Hoskin, Zozaya & Vanderduys, 2018
Oedura bella Oliver & Doughty, 2016
Oedura castelnaui (Thominot, 1889) – northern velvet gecko
Oedura cincta De Vis, 1888
Oedura coggeri Bustard, 1966 – northern spotted velvet gecko
Oedura elegans Hoskin, 2019 – elegant velvet gecko
Oedura filicipoda King, 1985 – fringe-toed velvet gecko
Oedura fimbria Oliver & Doughty, 2016
Oedura gemmata King & Gow, 1983 – jewelled velvet gecko
Oedura gracilis King, 1985 – gracile velvet gecko
Oedura jowalbinna Hoskin & Higgie, 2008
Oedura lineata Hoskin, 2019 – Arcadia velvet gecko
Oedura luritja Oliver & McDonald, 2016
Oedura marmorata Gray, 1842 – marbled velvet gecko
Oedura monilis De Vis, 1888 – ocellated velvet gecko
Oedura murrumanu Oliver, Laver, Melville & Doughty, 2014 – limestone range velvet gecko
Oedura nesos Oliver, Jolly, Skipwith, Tedeschi, & Gillespie, 2020
Oedura picta Hoskin, 2019 – ornate velvet gecko
Oedura tryoni De Vis, 1884 – southern spotted velvet gecko

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Oedura.
Species formerly in Oedura
Oedura lesueurii now belongs to the genus Amalosia

Transferred to genus Amalosia Wells & Wellington, 1983:

Oedura jacovae – valid as Amalosia jacovae (Couper, Keim & Hoskin, 2007)
Oedura lesueurii – Lesueur's velvet gecko, valid as Amalosia lesueurii (A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1836)
Oedura obscura – slim velvet gecko, valid as Amalosia obscura (King, 1985)
Oedura rhombifer – zigzag velvet gecko, valid as Amalosia rhombifer (Gray, 1845)

Transferred to genus Hesperoedura Oliver et al., 2012:

Oedura reticulata – reticulated velvet gecko, valid as Hesperoedura reticulata (Bustard, 1969)

Transferred to genus Nebulifera Oliver et al., 2012:

Oedura robusta – robust velvet gecko, valid as Nebulifera robusta (Boulenger, 1885)


"Oedura". ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System).
Browne-Cooper, Robert; Bush, Brian; Maryan, Brad; Robinson, David (2007). Reptiles and Frogs in the Bush: Southwestern Australia. University of Western Australia Press. pp. 121, 122. ISBN 978-1-920694-74-6.
Oliver PM, Bauer AM, Greenbaum E, Jackman TR, Hobbie T (2012). "Molecular phylogenetics of the arboreal Australian gecko genus Oedura Gray 1842 (Gekkota: Diplodactylidae): Another plesiomorphic grade?" Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63: 255-264.
Gray JE (1842). "Description of some hitherto unrecorded species of Australian Reptiles and Batrachians". Zoological Miscellany (London: Treuttel, Würtz & Co.) 2: 51–57. (Œdura new genus, p. 52; Œdura marmorata, new species, p. 52).

Oedura at the Reptile Database

Further reading

Cogger HG (2014). Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, Seventh Edition. Clayton, Victoria, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. xxx + 1,033 pp. ISBN 978-0643100350.
Wilson, Steve; Swan, Gerry (2013). A Complete Guide to Reptiles of Australia, Fourth Edition. Sydney: New Holland Publishers. 522 pp. ISBN 978-1921517280.

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