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Pliocercus euryzonus

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Dipsadidae
Subfamilia: Dipsadinae
Genus: Pliocercus
Species: Pliocercus euryzonus
Subspecies (2): P. e. burghardti – P. e. euryzonus

Pliocercus euryzonus Cope, 1862: 72

Holotype: USNM 4303 (formerly SIM 4303), collected by Lieut. N. Michler (Darien Survey Expedition) between 1857–1860. [lost fide Peters (1960a: 535)]

Type locality: “region of the Truando, New Grenada [=Colombia]”.
Primary references

Cope, E.D. 1862. Synopsis of the Species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with Diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 14: 60–82. BHL Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Pliocercus euryzonus. The Reptile Database. Accessed on 18 July 2018.
Solórzano, A., Nicholson, K., Chaves, G. & Porras, L.W. 2016. IUCN: Pliocercus euryzonus (Least Concern). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T177444A1486938. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T177444A1486938.en

Vernacular names
English: Cope's False Coral Snake

Pliocercus euryzonus, commonly known as Cope's false coral snake, is a species of snake in the subfamily Dipsadinae of the family Colubridae. The species is indigenous to southeastern Central America and northwestern South America. There are two recognized subspecies.

Geographic range

P. euryzonus is found in Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.[1] The Reptile Database also lists Guatemala and Peru.[3]

The preferred natural habitat of P. euryzonus is forest, at altitudes from sea level to 1,460 m (4,790 ft).[1]

P. euryzonus is oviparous.[3]

Including the nominotypical subspecies, two subspecies are recognized as being valid.[3]

Pliocercus euryzonus burghardti H.M. Smith & Chiszar, 1996
Pliocercus euryzonus euryzonus Cope, 1862


The subspecific name, burghardti, is in honor of herpetologist Gordon M. Burghardt.[4]

Solórzano, A.; Nicholson, K.; Chaves, G.; Porras, L.W. (2016). "Pliocercus euryzonus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T177444A1486938. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T177444A1486938.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
Boulenger GA (1894). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xi + 382 pp. + Plates I-XX. (Urotheca euryzona, p. 182).
Pliocercus euryzonus at the Reptile Database

Smith HM, Chiszar D (2001). "Pliocercus euryzonus Cope, Cope's False Coral Snake". Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (740): 1–4.

Further reading

Cope ED (1862). "Synopsis of the Species of Holcosus and Ameiva, with Diagnoses of new West Indian and South American Colubridæ". Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia [14]: 60–81. (Pliocercus euryzonus, new species, pp. 72–73).
Freiberg M (1982). Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Pliocercus euryzonus, p. 107).
Ray JM, Knight JL (2013). The Venomous Snakes and their Mimics of Panama and Costa Rica: Las Cuebras Venenosas y sus Mímicas de Panamá y Costa Rica. Scotts Valley, California: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. 282 pp. ISBN 978-1493586011.
Savage JM (2002). The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna between Two Continents, between Two Seas. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press. xx + 945 pp. ISBN 0-226-73537-0. (Urotheca euryzona, p. 642).
Smith HM, Chiszar D (1996). Species-Group Taxa of the False Coral Snake Genus Pliocercus. Pottsville, Pennsylvania: Ramus Publishing, Inc. 112 pp. ISBN 978-0965253505. (Pliocercus euryzonus burghardti, new subspecies, p. 31).


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