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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Colubridae
Subfamilia: Lamprophiinae
Genus: Scaphiophis
Species: S. albopunctatus – S. raffreyi

Colubris (Laurenti, 1768)
Vernacular names
English: African Shovel-nosed Snakes

Scaphiophis is a genus of African snakes in the family Colubridae. Common names include hook-nosed snakes[1] and shovel-nosed snakes.


Two species are recognized as being valid.[2]

Scaphiophis albopunctatus W. Peters, 1870
Scaphiophis raffreyi Bocourt, 1875


The specific name, raffreyi, is in honor of French scientific collector Achille Raffray.[1]

Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Scaphiophis raffreyi, pp. 215-216).

Genus Scaphiophis at The Reptile Database.

Further reading

Boulenger GA (1894). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xi + 382 pp. + Plates I-XX. (Genus Scaphiophis, p. 254).
Peters W (1870). "Eine Mittheilung über neue Amphibien ( ... Scaphiophis ... ) des Königlich zoologischen Museums ". Monatsberichte der Königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin 1870: 641-652 + Plates I-II. (Scaphiophis, new genus, p. 644; Scaphiophis albopunctatus, new species, pp. 645–646 + Plate II, figures 4, 4a, 4b, 4c). (in German).


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