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Smaug giganteus

Smaug giganteus, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Scincomorpha
Superfamilia: Scincoidea

Familia: Cordylidae
Subfamilia: Cordylinae
Genus: Smaug
Species: Smaug giganteus

Smaug giganteus (Smith, 1844)

Type locality: “interior districts of Southern Africa, [...] on the rocky pinnacles of Quathlamba mountains”, South Africa.

Cordylus giganteus Smith, 1844: unpaginated [original combination]
Zonurus giganteus — Boulenger, 1885: 253 [name combination]
Smaug giganteus — Stanley et al., 2011: 64 [name combination]

Smaug giganteus

Smaug giganteus, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Primary references

Smith, A. 1838–1849. Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa; Consisting Chiefly of Figures and Descriptions of the Objects of Natural History Collected During an Expedition Into the Interior of South Africa, in the Years 1834, 1835, and 1836; Fitted Out by “The Cape of Good Hope Association for Exploring Central Africa.” Published Under the Authority of the Lords Commissioners of Her Majesty’s Treasury. Reptilia. Vol. 2. Smith, Elder and Co.: London. [100] + 28 pp., pls. 1–78. BHL Reference page.
Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume 2. Iguanidae, Xenosauridae, Zonuridae, Anguidae, Aniellidae, Helodermatidae, Varanidae, Xantusiidae, Teiidae, Amphisbaenidae. Second edition. Trustees of the British Museum: London. xiii + 497 pp., 24 pls. BHL Reference page.
Stanley, E.L., Bauer, A.M., Jackman, T.R., Branch, W.R. & Mouton, P. Le F.N. 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: Rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizards (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58(1): 53–70. DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2010.08.024 Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Smaug giganteus. The Reptile Database. Accessed on 10 September 2017.

Vernacular names
Afrikaans: Ouvolk
English: Giant girdled lizard, Giant sungazer lizard
日本語: オオヨロイトカゲ

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