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Andaman Pit Viper

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Viperoidea

Familia: Viperidae
Subfamilia: Crotalinae
Genus: Trimeresurus
Subgenus: Trimeresurus (Trimeresurus)
Species: Trimeresurus andersonii

Trimeresurus andersonii Theobald, 1868

Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Trimeresurus andersonii. The Reptile Database. Accessed on 18 April 2020.

Vernacular names
English: Andaman Pitviper

Trimeresurus andersonii is a venomous pitviper species[1] endemic to the Andaman Islands of India. Common names include: Nicobar mangrove pit viper,[3] Anderson's pitviper,[4] and Andaman pit viper.


The specific name, andersonii, is in honor of Scottish zoologist John Anderson,[5] who worked in India 1864-1886 and was the first curator of the Indian Museum in Calcutta (now called Kolkata).
Geographic range

T. andersonii is found only in the Andaman Islands of India. The type locality given by Theobald (1868) is "No record", which was restricted to "Andaman Islands" by Regenass and Kramer (1981).[1]

McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré TA (1999). Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
"Trimeresurus andersonii ". The Reptile Database.
Mehrtens JM (1987). Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishers. 480 pp. ISBN 0-8069-6460-X.
Gumprecht A, Tillack F, Orlov NL, Captain A, Ryabov S (2004). Asian Pitvipers. First Edition. Berlin: Geitje Books. 368 pp. ISBN 3-937975-00-4.

Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Trimeresurus andersonii, p. 8).

Further reading

Das I (1999). "Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India". pp. 43–77. In: Ota H (editor) (1999). Tropical Island Herpetofauna ... Amsterdam: Elsevier. 353 pp. ISBN 978-0444501950.
Malhotra A, Thorpe RS (1996). "New perspectives on the evolution of south-east Asian Pit Vipers (genus Trimeresurus) from molecular studies". pp. 115–128. In: Thorpe RS, Wüster W, Malhotra A (editors) (1996).Venomous Snakes: Ecology, Evolution and Snakebite. Oxford, England: The Zoological Society of London / Clarendon Press. 296 pp. ISBN 978-0198549864.
Smith MA (1943). The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-region. Reptilia and Amphibia. Vol. III.—Serpentes. Secretary of State for India. (Taylor and Francis, printers.) London. xii + 583 pp. (Trimeresurus purpureomaculatus andersoni, pp. 521–522).
Theobald W (1868). "Catalogue of Reptiles in the Museum of the Asiatic Society of Bengal". J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 37 ("Extra Number"): vi + 7-88. ("Trimeresurus Andersoni", new species, pp. 75–76).


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