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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Dipsadidae
Subfamilia: Xenodontinae
Tribus: Alsophiini
Genus: Uromacer
Species: Uromacer frenatus

Uromacer frenatus (Günther, 1865)

Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Uromacer frenatus. The Reptile Database. Accessed on 19 February 2020.
Henderson, R.W., Inchaustegui, S. & Landestoy, M. 2016. IUCN: Uromacer frenatus (Near Threatened) (errata version published in 2017). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T190599A115328865. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T190599A77339972.en

Vernacular names
English: Island Pointed Snake

Uromacer frenatus is a species of snake in the family Colubridae. The species is endemic to Hispaniola in the West Indies.

Geographic range

U. frenatus is found in Haiti and the Dominican Republic.[2]

The preferred natural habitat of U. frenatus is forest at altitudes from sea level to 929 m (3,048 ft).[1]

U. frenatus is oviparous.[2]

Four subspecies are recognized as being valid, including the nominotypical subspecies.[2]

Uromacer frenatus chlorauges Schwartz, 1976
Uromacer frenatus dorsalis Dunn, 1920
Uromacer frenatus frenatus (Günther, 1865)
Uromacer frenatus wetmorei Cochran, 1931

Nota bene: A trinomial authority in parentheses indicates that the subspecies was originally described in a genus other than Uromacer.

The subspecific name, wetmorei, is in honor of American ornithologist Alexander Wetmore.[3]

Henderson RW, Inchaustegui S, Landestoy M (2016). "Uromacaer frenatus (errata version published in 2017)". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T190599A115328865. Downloaded on 23 December 2020.
Species Uromacer frenatus at The Reptile Database

Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Uromacer frenatus wetmorei, p. 283).

Further reading

Boulenger GA (1894). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xi + 382 pp. + Plates I-XX. (Uromacer frenatus, p. 116).
Günther A (1865). "Fourth Account of new Species of Snakes in the Collection of the British Museum". Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Third Series 15: 89–98. (Ahætulla frenata, new species, pp. 94–95 + Plate II, figure B).
Schwartz A, Henderson RW (1991). Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies: Descriptions, Distributions, and Natural History. Gainesville: University of Florida Press. 720 pp. ISBN 978-0813010496. (Uromacer frenatus, p. 663).
Schwartz A, Thomas R (1975). A Check-list of West Indian Amphibians and Reptiles. Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication No. 1. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania: Carnegie Museum of Natural History. 216 pp. (Uromacer dorsalis, p. 201, U. frenatus, p. 202).


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