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Xerotyphlops vermicularis

Xerotyphlops vermicularis Germasogeia (Yermasoyia), Cyprus , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Superfamilia: Typhlopoidea

Familia: Typhlopidae
Subfamilia: Asiatyphlopinae
Genus: Xerotyphlops
Species:Xerotyphlops vermicularis

Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Merrem, 1820)

Type locality: “Archipelago, Asia”, restricted to “Griechische Inseln [= Greek islands]” by Mertens & Müller (1928).

Typhlops vermicularis Merrem, 1820: 158 [original designation]
Xerotyphlops vermicularis — Hedges et al. 2014: 41 [name combination]


Anguis lumbricalis Daudin, 1803: 308 [preoccupied by Anguis lumbricalis Linnaeus, 1758]

Typhlops flavescens Bibron & Bory in Bory, 1833: 72

Typhlops syriacus Jan, in Jan & Sordelli, 1864: 15

Typhlops persicus Blanford, 1874: 34

Syntypes (2): ZSI 6899 and BMNH 1946.1.11.87 (formerly BMNH 1874.11.25.17).

Type locality: “in Persia meridionali”, specified later to “Hills, north-east of Darján, between Karmán and Shiráz”, Iran, by Blanford (1876).

Xerotyphlops vermicularis

Xerotyphlops vermicularis Germasogeia (Yermasoyia), Cyprus , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Xerotyphlops vermicularis

Xerotyphlops vermicularis (*)

Vernacular name

Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά: Τύφλωψ ο σκωληκοειδής
English: Worm Snake

Primary references

Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Johann Christian Krieger: Marburg. xv + 191 pp., 1 pl. BHL Reference page.
Blanford, W.T. 1874. Descriptions of new Reptilia and Amphibia from Persia and Baluchistán. Annals and Magazine of Natural History Series 4 14(79): 31–35. DOI: 10.1080/00222937408680916 BHL Reference page.
Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61. Full article (PDF). Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2022. Xerotyphlops vermicularis. The Reptile Database. Accessed on 14 November 2017.
Aghasyan, A., Avci, A., Tuniyev, B., Crnobrnja-Isailovic, J., Lymberakis, P., Andrén, C., Cogalniceanu, D., Wilkinson, J., Ananjeva, N.B., Üzüm, N., Orlov, N.L., Podloucky, R., Tuniyev, S., Kaya, U., Ajtic, R., Tok, V., Ugurtas, I.H., Sevinç, M., Crochet, P.-A., Disi, A.M., Hraoui-Bloquet, S., Sadek, R., Werner, Y.L., Haxhiu, I,, Baha El Din, S., Sterijovski, B., Böhme, W., Jelić, D., Borkin, L., Milto, K., Golynsky, E., Rustamov, A, Nuridjanov, D. & Munkhbayar, K. 2017. IUCN: Xerotyphlops vermicularis (Least Concern). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2017: e.T157274A747386. DOI: 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T157274A747386.en

Vernacular names

Xerotyphlops vermicularis, the European blind snake, European worm snake, Eurasian blind snake, or Eurasian worm snake, is a species of snake in the genus Xerotyphlops. Despite its common name, the range of the European blind snake ranges from the Balkan Peninsula, the Aegean Islands, and Cyprus to Afghanistan.[2] The common name refers to how it is the only blindsnake of the genus Typhlops naturally found in Europe. The only other blindsnake found in Europe is the brahminy blindsnake, or "flowerpot snake," Ramphotyphlops braminus, where specimens have been discovered lurking in the soil at the Kew Gardens.[3][4]
See also

List of typhlopid species and subspecies


Aghasyan, A.; Avci, A.; Tuniyev, B.; Crnobrnja-Isailović, J.; Lymberakis, P.; Andrén, C.; Cogălniceanu, D.; Wilkinson, J.; Ananjeva, N.B.; Üzüm, N.; Orlov, N.L.; Podloucky, R.; Tuniyev, S.; Kaya, U.; Ajtic, R.; Tok, V.; Ugurtas, I.H.; Sevinç, M.; Crochet, P.-A.; Disi, A.M.; Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.; Werner, Y.L.; Haxhiu, I.,, Baha El Din, S.; Sterijovski, B.; Böhme, W.; Jelić, D.; Borkin, L.; Milto, K.; Golynsky, E.; Rustamov, A.; Nuridjanov, D.; Munkhbayar, K. (2017). "Xerotyphlops vermicularis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T157274A747386. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-2.RLTS.T157274A747386.en. Retrieved 18 November 2021.
O'Shea, Mark (2007). Boas and Pythons of the World. New Holland Publishers. p. 68. ISBN 9781845375447.
O'Shea, Mark (2007). Boas and Pythons of the World. New Holland Publishers. p. 67. ISBN 9781845375447.
Xerotyphlops vermicularis at the Reptile Database. Accessed 29 July 2018.

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